All visitors to Australia need a visa – only New Zealand nationals are exempt, and even they receive a 'special category' visa on arrival.
The vast majority of visitors to Sydney arrive at Sydney Airport, 10km south of the city centre. Numerous airlines fly here from destinations throughout Australia, Asia, Oceania, Europe (with a stopover), North America and elsewhere. A second Sydney airport is due to open in the west of the city in 2026.
Trains chug into Sydney's Central station from as far north as Brisbane (13½ hours), as far south as Melbourne (11½ hours) and as far west as Perth (four days!); see NSW TrainLink and the Indian Pacific for details.
Long-distance buses pull up to the Sydney Coach Terminal at Central station. Operators include Australia Wide Coaches, Firefly, Greyhound, Murrays, Port Stephens Coaches and Premier Motor Service. Direct buses head here from as far afield as Adelaide and Cairns, although you can connect via Greyhound to services reaching all major cities.
Flights, cars and tours can be booked online at www.lonelyplanet.com/bookings.
Transport NSW coordinates all of the state-run bus, ferry, train and light-rail services. You’ll find a useful journey planner on its website. The system-wide Opal transport card is necessary for travel. The TripView app is very useful for real-time public transport info and journey planning.