The Italian Riviera is not short of rugged coastline or romantic towns and villages, but the five fishing communities of the Cinque Terre are its most iconic highlight.
The five villages are no longer the isolated hamlets they once were, but there’s still a feeling of remote authenticity, with few roads, perfectly preserved architecture and a network of stunning coastal and mountain trails.
How do I get to the Cinque Terra?
Tucked away in a particularly mountainous kink at the eastern end of the Italian Riviera, the villages of the Cinque Terre (pronounced chin-kwe ter-re, with a rolled 'r' sound) were shaped by their profound isolation. Today the villages’ exquisite ruggedness still presents a few challenges for accessibility.
The easiest way to reach and travel between the villages is by train. A train line that runs along Italy's west coast connects all five villages with Genoa, Pisa and Rome. The closest airports are in Genoa and Pisa. To reach the Cinque Terre from Milan you change trains in Genoa, and from Florence you change in Pisa.
The good-value Cinque Terre Card covers all train travel between Levanto and La Spezia, as well as hiking fees.
Although all the villages can be reached by car, you’ll need nerves of steel for the narrow, twisting cliff-edge roads and deep pockets to pay for parking. If you’re travelling with a car, leaving it in nearby La Spezia is a smart move – there are secure parking facilities at the train station.
Arriving by sea is also an option. From Easter to September, ferries run from Genoa, Portofino and Porto Venere. And if you want to make a glamorous entrance you can even hire a yacht from one of those ports.
How many days do I need?
The Cinque Terre is a destination with timeless appeal, and it’s impossible to do it justice in a day trip. It really is the kind of place that rewards taking it slow, whether you’re kicking back at a waterfront table in Vernazza, glass of wine in hand, or listening to birdsong and resting your weary legs at an ancient sanctuary on a clifftop high above.
Allowing three to four days will give you enough time to visit all five villages, get to know the intricate twists and turns of at least one village centre, and enjoy a couple of half-day hikes. If time is tight, even a single overnight stay will expose you to the villages’ gentler rhythms at dawn, dusk and midnight.
Where should I stay?
Accommodation in the Cinque Terre is expensive, oversubscribed and often unremarkable, so it pays to seek out something special and book well in advance.
If you’re on a budget, great options include ultra-stylish but authentic La Mala in Vernazza, charming beachfront Hotel La Spiaggia in Monterosso, recently refurbished Hotel Marina Piccola or super-cheap Ostello 5 Terre, both in Manarola. And if you’re looking for somewhere special, La Torretta Charme & Relax has extraordinary views, 5-star service and luxurious, lavishly decorated rooms.
If you do decide to day-trip, big but easy-going La Spezia is far closer than Genoa or Pisa, with just a seven-minute ‘commute’ to the closest village, Riomaggiore, and around 15-25 minutes to the furthest, Monterosso. Returning at night to La Spezia’s lively bars and cheap and plentiful plates of focaccia, pesto pasta and seafood is far from a chore.
The five villages, from south to north
Riomaggiore is the first stop on many Cinque Terre visits. Peeling buildings line up down a steep ravine to a tiny harbour. Their pastel glow at sunset, best appreciated from the sea, is one of the Cinque Terre’s most romantic sights. A botanical garden and bird watching centre sits on a rocky promontory up the hill from its pebbly beach.
The grapevines that surround Manarola produce the Cinque Terre wine, Sciacchetrà. The bustling main street and waterfront promenade are still lined with fishing boats and other such reminders of everyday village life. Punta Bonfiglio, a short uphill hike, has fabulous views and a playground with a bar (or a bar with a playground, depending on your priorities).
Sitting atop a 100m-high rocky promontory surrounded by vineyards, Corniglia is the only village that lacks direct access to the sea, although steep steps wind from a rocky cove and its waterfront train station far below. Its tranquil, tangled streets lead to a broad and breezy sea-facing terrace, the only vantage point from where you can clock (and photograph) all five villages at once.
Vernazza’s small harbour has long been its raison d’etre, but it is Piazza Marconi with its sea-facing amphitheatre of pastel houses that brings on the sighs. The village’s trademark caruggi (narrow lanes) rise almost vertically from here, a maze of stairs and tiny terraces, with big blue sea views popping at every turn.
Monterosso is the only village that has a proper strip of beach, which in summer fills with sun loungers and Italians working on their tans. Known for its lemon trees and plump anchovies served right off the boat, it’s the furthest north of the villages.
Walking in the Cinque Terre
For centuries walking trails were the only way to travel between the villages of the Cinque Terre and often provided the only link to the outside world. Hiking here is done in the constant company of the sea, but also offers wonderful glimpses of unique terraced farms and coastal forests.
Many trails have been in a delicate state since the 2011 floods, and all are prone to periodic or permanent closure. Always check with the Cinque Terre National Park office before you set out. Between May and September, park guides host daily guided walks.
The Sentiero Azzurro
Also known as the Blue Trail and marked No 2 on maps, this 12km old mule path is the Cinque Terre’s blue-riband hike – narrow, precipitous but offering spectacular coastal scenery. All of the currently accessible parts of the Sentiero Azzurro, from Monterosso to Corniglia, are of low-level difficulty, though stamina is required. The Monterosso to Vernazza section is 3km and takes up to two hours, the high, forested path from Vernazza to Cornigila is 4km and usually takes about 90 minutes.
The famed Via dell’Amore between Riomagiorre and Manarola and the Sentiero Azzurro path between Manarola and Corniglia are currently closed and are expected to remain so for some time. The alternative trail between Riomagiorre and Manarola via Beccara takes an hour and does not require hiking experience (though with over 600 steps, you’ll need to be agile). Only very experienced and well-equipped hikers should attempt the current alternative route from Manarola to Corniglia via Volastra.
The Sentiero Rosso
Experienced walkers will find it hard to resist the lure of this legendary trail, also known as the Red or High Trail and marked No 1 on maps. Allow between nine and 12 hours to complete the 35km route, which runs from Porto Venere to Levanto, forming an arc high above the Cinque Terre villages. It’s mainly flat and tree-covered, with plenty of welcoming bars and restaurants along the way, but its length and various challenges mean it’s far less populated than the Azzuro.
Each of the Cinque Terre’s villages is associated with a sanctuary perched high on the cliff-sides overlooking the sea. Reaching these ancient religious retreats used to be part of a hefty Catholic penance, but these days the walks through terraced vineyards with spectacular views are a lot less onerous. Most of these walks are easy, if steep, and take between 20 minutes and three hours one way.
Cinque Terre travel tips
- Bring a refillable water bottle and look out for the water fountains in each village.
- For an authentic takeaway snack, look out for a friggitoria, where bite-sized seafood is piled into a paper cone.
- Do order the Cinque Terre DOC wine; it’s a dry, aromatic delight and you’ll also be supporting local vignerons.
- If you’ll be hiking and want to avoid the heat, come in May or September.
- The Cinque Terre can get very overcrowded in summer. To escape the crowds, venture out to some of the less busy villages in the surrounding area.
This article was refreshed in May 2019.