Welcome to Pulau Madura
Traditional culture is strong (the sarong and peci are the norm), the people are deeply Islamic (virtually all children attend religious schools called pesantren) and the island is famous for the colourful pageantry of its popular annual bull races.
Madura's southern side is lined with shallow beaches and cultivated lowland, while the northern coast alternates between rocky cliffs and great rolling sand-dune beaches, the best of which is at Lombang. At the extreme east are a tidal marsh and vast tracts of salt around Kalianget. The interior is riddled with limestone slopes, and agriculture is limited. Sumenep is the main town, and unless the bull races are on, it attracts few tourists.