As the largest air defense training center in the Western world, Fort Bliss consumes much of the desert northeast of El Paso, and trains troops from all the NATO-allied nations. The Fort Bliss Museum is housed in a reconstruction of the fort's 1854–68 location. It depicts life at the post in 1857, right down to the 31-star flag hanging outside.

One block south, the US Army Air Defense Artillery Museum is the only one of its kind in the US. Its exhibits focus on the history of air defense artillery since 1917, including an outdoor weapons park.