Harran attractions

Historic Site in Harran

Beehive Houses

Harran is famous for its beehive houses, a design dating back to the 3rd century BC, although the present examples were mostly constructed within the last 200 years. The design evolved partly in response to a lack o…
Ruins in Harran


About 18km north of Şuayb, the isolated village of Soğmatar is very atmospheric. Sacrifices were made to the sun and moon gods, whose effigies are carved into the side of the ledge. Like Harran, Soğmatar was a centr…
Fortress in Harran


On the far (east) side of the hill, the crumbling kale stands right by some beehive houses. A castle probably already existed here during Hittite times, but the current construction dates mainly from after 1059, whe…
Mosque in Harran

Ulu Camii

Of the ruins inside the village, other than the kale, the Ulu Cami, built in the 8th century by Marwan II, last of the Umayyad caliphs, is most prominent. You'll recognise it by its tall, square and very un-Turkish …
Ruins in Harran

Şuayb City

Around 12km northeast of Han el Ba'rur are the extensive remains of Şuayb City, where hefty stone walls and lintels survive above a network of subterranean rooms. One of these contains a mosque on the site of the su…
Ruins in Harran

City Walls

The crumbling stone city walls were once 4km long and studded with 187 towers and four gates. Of these, only the overly restored Aleppo Gate, near the new part of town, remains.
Ruins in Harran

Han el Ba'rur

About 6km east from the caves are the remains of the Seljuk Han el Ba'rur, a caravanserai built in 1128 to service the local trade caravans.
Ruins in Harran

Bazda Caves

About 20km east of town, the impressive Bazda Caves (signed 'Bazda Mağaları') are supposed to have been used to build the walls of Harran.