In 1940 muralist José Clemente Orozco painted four panels around the second level of the Supreme Court's central stairway, two dealing with the theme of justice. A more contemporary take on the same subject, La historia de la justicia en México (The History of Justice in Mexico), by Rafael Cauduro, unfolds over three levels of the building’s southwest stairwell.

Executed in his hyper-realist style, Cauduro's series (aka The Seven Worst Crimes) catalogs the horrors of state-sponsored crimes against the populace, including the ever-relevant torture-induced confession. On the southeast corner of the building’s interior, Ismael Ramos Huitrón’s La busqueda de la justicia (The Search for Justice) reflects on the Mexican people’s constant struggle to obtain justice, as does the social realism work La justicia (Justice), by Japanese-Mexican artist Luis Nishizawa, on the northwest stairwell. On the first level of the main stairway, American artist George Biddle painted La guerra y la paz (War and Peace) shortly after WWII ended.

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