Housed in a majestic heritage building, this museum contains a splendid collection of Mauryan and Gupta stone sculptures, some beautiful bronze Buddhist statuary, 2000-year-old terracotta figurines and a gallery of wonderful Rajasthani miniatures. Don't miss the fabulous collection of Tibetan thangkas (scroll paintings) brought to India by the scholar and traveller Rahul Sankrityayan in the early 20th century.

Upstairs in a locked gallery (an extra ₹500) you can glimpse a tiny casket believed to contain some of Buddha’s ashes that were retrieved from Vaishali.