Pirates, shipwrecks, political prisoners and (perhaps!) buried treasure all make cameo appearances in the Hollywood-worthy history of this remote chain of small volcanic islands 667km west of Valparaíso. This is the place where castaway Alexander Selkirk (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe) whittled away lost years scampering after goats and scanning the horizon for ships. Once an anonymous waypoint for marauders, sealers and war ships, the archipelago was later declared both a national park and a Unesco Biosphere Reserve, with 62% of its flora found nowhere else on Earth.
There are three main volcanic islands in the chain. Robinson Crusoe, previously known as Más A Tierra, is the main tourist hub, while Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara islands are seldom visited. Small-scale sustainable tourism is the shared mantra, with hiking, diving and fishing the biggest draws.