One of Québec City’s must-sees, this verdant clifftop park contains the Plains of Abraham, site of the infamous 1759 battle between British General James Wolfe and French General Louis-Joseph Montcalm that determined the fate of the North American continent. Packed with old cannons, monuments and commemorative plaques, it's a favorite local spot for picnicking, running, skating, skiing and snowshoeing, along with Winter Carnival festivities and open-air summer concerts. For information, visit the Plains of Abraham Information & Reception Centre.
The Plains of Abraham are named for Abraham Martin, a Frenchman who was one of the first farmers to settle in the area. It became an official park in 1908 and has been the site of many modern historical events as well: ‘O Canada,’ the Canadian national anthem, written by Sir Adolphe Routhier with music by Calixa Lavallée, was sung here for the first time on June 24, 1880.