Sweden’s attractions are endless. Visitors here encounter unspoiled nature, world-class museums, fascinating history, beautiful cities and towns, vibrant traditions and a creative spirit that makes itself known in everything from science, technology and the arts to the country’s ever-evolving culinary scene. 

Whether you’re seeking outdoor adventure, urban attractions or some combination of both, you’ll find it in Scandinavia’s largest country. Here are some of the best things to do in Sweden to experience its magic to the fullest.

Fall in love with beautiful Stockholm

“Of cities I know in the world, you are the one with it all,” wrote Swedish singer-songwriter Lasse Berghagen in a famous musical love letter to Sweden’s capital, “Stockholm i mitt hjärta” (Stockholm in My Heart). Berghagen had it right: Stockholm is a charmer. 

The city has enough museums, historic buildings and other attractions to keep you busy for weeks, but some of its greatest pleasures are the simplest ones, found in Stockholm’s vibrant neighborhoods. Wander the medieval alleys of Gamla Stan, stroll along Strandvägen and the Djurgården Canal, admire the panoramic views from Södermalm, then catch a summer sunset over Lake Mälaren. 

Photographed from behind, a girl in a bikini leaps from a rock into the water in summer near Stockholm
The Stockholm archipelago is especially delightful in summer © Henrik Viklund / Getty Images

Island-hop in the Stockholm archipelago

Some 30,000 islands and skerries make up the scenic Stockholm archipelago, scattered over an area of nearly 1680 sq km (650 sq mi). If you’ve got limited time, you can soak up a bit of the island flavor at Fjäderholmarna, just a 25-minute boat ride from downtown Stockholm, or take a guided archipelago cruise. Year-round passenger ferries and speedier summer excursion boats operate to destinations throughout the region, including Vaxholm, Grinda, Finnhamn, Möja and Sandhamn, which make good day trips but also have accommodations if you’d like to stay a while.

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Take a hike

Swedes love nature – so much so that the right to enjoy it freely is enshrined in law. No matter where you are, it’s easy to lace up your hiking shoes and hit the trail, whether for an urban hike in Stockholm’s Royal National City Park, a day trip to a rural nature reserve or a multi-day trek on one of Sweden’s many long-distance hiking routes, found in every region of the country. An excellent public transportation network makes even remote trails accessible by bus, train or ferry. The Swedish Tourist Association is a good starting point for hiking suggestions in every corner of the country.

Cruise the Göta Canal

One of the most ambitious construction projects in Swedish history, the Göta Canal connects the Baltic Sea with the country’s largest lakes, Vänern and Vättern, linking up with the Trollhättan Canal for a full coast-to-coast crossing, complete with 66 locks and two aqueducts. A canal cruise is a delightful way to experience the lush green countryside, quaint villages and other attractions along the route, with itineraries ranging from day trips to multi-day journeys on historic canal boats. If you prefer a do-it-yourself cruise, you can rent a boat and travel at your own pace.

Experience southern Sweden by bike

Another great way to experience the Göta Canal is by biking along the towpaths — 87 car-free km (54mi) in all. Be sure to stop at Berg and Borenshult to watch boats passing through impressive multi-lock staircases.

Further south, Sweden’s three linked national tourist cycling routes are perfect for day trips or long-distance journeys. The 274-km (170mi) Sydostleden trail runs south from Växjö through the fields and forests of Småland and along the coast of eastern Skåne. At Simrishamn, Sydkustleden takes over, continuing 260 km (162mi) along the south coast past white-sand beaches and historic cities and towns. From Helsingborg, Kattegattleden follows the scenic west coast for 390km (242mi), all the way to Gothenburg. 

The red train carriage of the Inlandsbanan rolling through grassy fields and wildflowers south of Östersund
The Inlandsbanan train rolls through some of Sweden’s wildest and most beautiful scenery © Justin Foulkes / Lonely Planet

Ride the rails on Inlandsbanan

For a rail journey through some of Sweden’s wildest and most beautiful scenery, take a ride on Inlandsbanan (the Inland Line). Starting in Mora in Dalarna, the train travels north to Gällivare, about 100 km (62mi) north of the Arctic Circle, making numerous stops where you can visit attractions such as the Arctic Circle, Östersund’s Jamtli local history museum and the Ájtte Mountain and Sámi Museum in Jokkmokk. A wonderful way to see the interior of northern Sweden, the route also provides access to long-distance hiking trails and the potential to spot some of the region’s abundant wildlife. 

Search for the Northern Lights 

Sweden’s far north is widely recognized as one of the top places in the world to experience the incredible aurora borealis, or Northern Lights, a frequent occurrence between September and March. Few sights can compare to the magic of seeing brilliant waves of green, red, blue and purple dance across the darkened sky, the result of electrically charged solar particles colliding in the Earth’s atmosphere.  

Abisko National Park is renowned as one of the world’s best Northern Lights destinations, thanks to its clear skies, lack of light pollution and position within the auroral oval, a band around the Earth’s magnetic pole where auroras are most likely to form. East of Abisko, Kiruna, Sweden’s northernmost city, also makes a good base, with many tour companies offering aurora-seeking excursions, including by skis, snowshoes and dog sleds.

Two sea kayakers paddle in a rocky inlet at sunset
Sea kayaking is but one of many ways to explore Sweden by boat © Johner Images / Getty Images

Paddle a scenic waterway

Sweden’s long coastline, thousands of lakes and many islands make it an ideal paddling destination. In Stockholm you can rent kayaks, canoes or stand-up paddle boards at various locations including Långholmen, Kungsholmen and Djurgården. Kayak and canoe rentals are also available in other cities including Gothenburg and Malmö.

For something less urban, the Bohuslän coast, Skåne’s rugged Kullaberg peninsula and the High Coast region are all great kayaking destinations, as are the St. Anna archipelago near Söderköping and the islands around Piteå and Luleå in the far north. Sweden’s inland waterways, including roughly 100,000 lakes, also provide endless scope for paddling, with equipment rentals and guided tours available throughout the country.

Savor the west coast lifestyle

Some people call Sweden’s west coast the “best coast.” While east coasters may quibble, there’s no denying there’s something special here. The region’s undisputed hub is Gothenburg, a lively port city with popular festivals and outstanding restaurants, shopping and attractions. After a taste of urban pleasures, head north to Bohuslän, an almost impossibly beautiful region of deeply indented rocky coastline dotted with picturesque fishing villages that fill with life during the summer months. If you prefer beaches over rocky shores, head south from Gothenburg to Halland, where you’ll find lovely stretches of sand around Varberg, Falkenberg and Halmstad.

Eat your way through Sweden

Though perhaps best known internationally for meatballs and pancakes, Sweden in recent decades has developed an exciting culinary scene that blends classic dishes with international influences, emphasizing sustainability and locally sourced, seasonal ingredients. From Michelin-starred restaurants to casual cafes and vibrant urban market halls, you’ll find a wide range of fantastic places to sample Sweden’s flavors all over the country.

To delve deeper into Swedish food culture, take a seafood safari in Bohuslän, tour the vineyards of Skåne, join an autumn truffle hunt on Gotland, or simply head into the forest to pick blueberries, lingonberries or chanterelle mushrooms, which Swedes call “forest gold.” A guided foraging walk in Swedish Lapland is a perfect way to learn more about edible Swedish nature.

An aerial view of Kalmar Slott, a Renaissance castle in an island in Sweden
The impressive Renaissance-era fortifications of Kalmar Castle, seen from above © Blom UK via Getty Images

Visit castles, palaces and fortresses

Sweden has hundreds of historic castles, palaces and stately homes, concentrated in the country’s southern third. Tour Stockholm’s massive Royal Palace, stroll through the beautiful gardens of lakeside Drottningholm Palace or go back in time at the turreted Renaissance castles of Gripsholm, Vadstena and Kalmar. On Öland, don’t miss the fire-ravaged ruins of 13th-century Borgholms Slott. There are also many interesting smaller castles such as Skokloster, Sofiero and Läckö

Various historic fortresses also recall times when Sweden was much less peaceful and secure. For centuries, Vaxholm Fortress helped defend Stockholm against Danish and Russian attacks. North of Gothenburg, well-preserved Carlstens Fästning, from 1658, occupies a commanding position atop Marstrand island, while 14th-century Bohus Fästning in Kungälv witnessed many significant events before falling into atmospheric ruin.

Road-trip through the Swedish countryside

With well-maintained roads, good signage and interesting sights scattered throughout the countryside, Sweden is perfect for a driving vacation. Although major highways will get you from point to point quickly, the great joy of a Swedish road trip is meandering along secondary routes through dense forests and pretty small towns, past sparkling lakes, spectacular coastlines and rolling farmland dotted with red-painted cottages with white trim.

The downside of driving in Sweden is the steep price of car rentals and fuel, but you can reduce the cost of the latter – as well as your environmental impact – by renting a hybrid or even an electric car. Electric charging stations are available throughout the country; Chargefinder is a good resource.

You might also like:
Sweden's most stunning national parks: from Lapland to lowlands
9 of the best road trips in Sweden: take a chance on these
Sweden's most beautiful beaches: from sunbathing near the Arctic Circle to lakeside lounging

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