Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Bavaria’s second-largest city and the unofficial capital of Franconia, is an energetic place where the nightlife is intense and the beer is as dark as coffee. As one of Bavaria’s biggest draws it is alive with visitors year-round, but especially during the spectacular Christmas market.
For centuries, Nuremberg was the undeclared capital of the Holy Roman Empire and the preferred residence of most German kings, who kept their crown jewels here. Rich and stuffed with architectural wonders, it was also a magnet for famous artists, though the most famous of all, Albrecht Dürer, was actually born here. ‘Nuremberg shines throughout Germany like a sun among the moon and stars,’ gushed Martin Luther. By the 19th century, the city had become a powerhouse in Germany’s industrial revolution.
The Nazis saw a perfect stage for their activities in working class Nuremberg. It was here that the fanatical party rallies were held, the boycott of Jewish businesses began and the infamous Nuremberg Laws outlawing German citizenship for Jewish people were enacted. On 2 January 1945, Allied bombers reduced the city to landfill, killing 6000 people in the process.
After WWII the city was chosen as the site of the war crimes tribunal, now known as the Nuremberg Trials. Later, the painstaking reconstruction – using the original stone – of almost all the city’s main buildings, including the castle and old churches in the Altstadt, returned the city to some of its former glory.
Best places to stay in Nuremberg
Munich, Bavaria & the Black Forest - Bavaria (Chapter)
From the cloud-shredding Alps to the fertile Danube plain, Bavaria is a place that keeps its clichéd promises, yet offers much more than the chocolate-box idyll. There's an untranslatable feel-good air that makes exploring the region an...
Bavarian Beer Trail Cycle
A relaxed journey by bike through northern Bavaria past castles, medieval towns and historic breweries
Chriskindlesmarkt: a guide to Christmas market shopping in Nuremberg
Drei im weggla by karaian. Creative Commons Attribution licence Location: Hauptmarkt, Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany Dates: Friday before Advent Sunday to 24 December Level of participation: 5 – did somebody say shopping? In Germany ’tis the season to be shopping...
Nuremberg destination guides
Private Tour: Nuremberg Day Trip with Train Transport from Munich
Travel by train from Munich to Nuremberg and spend a day seeing the historical city’s highlights with a private guide. With a flexible itinerary that’s tailored to your interests, the full-day sightseeing tour takes in two of Nuremberg’s must-visit sites: the medieval Old Town and Nazi party rally grounds.