All you Cinderellas and Prince Charmings: you will go to the ball, at one of Europe's grandly fortified fantasies.
1. Prague Castle, Czech Republic
Calling Pražský hrad a castle is a masterful understatement – it's really a compact walled city, with cathedral, palaces, streets and houses. A succession of ambitious rulers enhanced the original 9th-century fortifications, somehow blending complementary Romanesque, Gothic, baroque and Renaissance delights. But in truth there's one better place to be than in the castle – that's outside it, looking up. As the sun's glow fades on a summer evening, or the snowflakes drift in and out of the street lights on a chill winter's night, few sights are more stirring than the view from among the statues on Charles Bridge across to the hilltop redoubt.
Explore the thousand-year history in the Story of Prague Castle exhibition, in the Old Royal Palace's Gothic vaults. For more, see www.hrad.cz.
2. Eilean Donan, Scotland
Brooding, solitary, rugged…and that's just the gatekeeper. Eilean Donan, perched atop an island on Loch Duich, is the castle that launched a thousand Scottish tourist brochures. And why not? Just the approach will have your mental bagpipes wheezing, clopping across the arched stone bridge towards the grey battlements, mist drifting across the rippling water… at least, that's how it was in the many movies filmed here, and to be fair, it's often like that in reality. Inside, it's a fair re-creation of former glories – the medieval castle was pulverised in 1719 by English troops, then rebuilt in the early 20th century.
3. Schloss Neuschwanstein, Bavaria, Germany
Bavaria's 'mad' King Ludwig II, the Wagner-loving royal, obsessed with romantic epics of knightly lore, created castles of stereotypical fairytale grandeur. His apotheosis came with Neuschwanstein, started in 1869 atop a wooded outcrop: witch-hatted turrets, Minstrels' Hall, grand throne room – all that's missing is a wicked sorcerer and perhaps a distressed damsel incarcerated in a tower. You don't need to join the hordes inside to appreciate Ludwig's vision: stop at the Marienbrücke (Mary's Bridge), itself picturesquely spanning a waterfall in the Pöllat Gorge, for unforgettable views of the castle.
To arrive at the castle like a pampered prince or princess, take a horse-drawn carriage up from nearby Hohenschwangau village.
4. Castell de Púbol, Catalunya, Spain
If you believe fairytales are real, perhaps you're ready for the surreal. This medieval monument at La Pera, a compact Gothic-Renaissance affair, was fascinating enough before it was bought by Salvador Dalí in 1968. But after he installed his wife Gala here, and refurbished it to his own, er, unique tastes, it became something else. His trademark left-field flourishes lurk to wrong-foot unwary visitors: as an example, Gala's tomb in the subterranean crypt is guarded by a stuffed giraffe. Of course. Even ignoring the oddities, it's a charming place perched above a very strollable, traditional village.
Regular buses between Palafrugell and Girona stop at La Pera, about 2km from the Castell.
5. Tintagel, Cornwall, England
Let me tell you a story about a boy who pulled a sword from a stone to become king, aided by a wizard called Merlin… The legend of King Arthur has been so long entwined with Tintagel Island that it was probably already in the mind of the Earl of Cornwall when he ordered his castle built here in 1233. Today, his stronghold is all the better for lying in ruins; crossing the fragile-looking bridge from the mainland builds the atmosphere for wanders among the clifftop site, where waves crash against the rocks below. Even the screeching seagulls sound mystical here.
Stop in at Tintagel Old Post Office, an absurdly lovable jumble of a 14th-century house, on your way to the castle.
6. Palácio Nacional de Pena, Sintra, Portugal
Palaces, you say? How many? In Sintra, you can't move for tripping over them. There's the ruined Castelo dos Mouros overlooking the town, where another white palace dominates the main plaza. The fantastical Quinta da Regaleira sits amid its lush gardens; then there's Monserrate, an exotically faux-Moorish affair. But the crown goes to pastel-turreted Palácio Nacional da Pena. Somewhere, buried under the castellated walls of the current 19th-century edifice, lurk the relics of a medieval convent. But you'd never know it: instead this kitsch confection of Gothic, Manueline and Islamic styles dominates, housing an Aladdin's cave of treasures.
Suburban line trains depart Lisbon every 15 minutes for the 45-minute run to Sintra, making it an easy day trip from the capital.
7. Château de Peyrepertuse, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
As you meander along mountain roads in France's far southwest, hilltop fortresses loom above, some standing proud, others only snaggle-tooth ruins. Did noble knights set forth from these castles on fine steeds to battle evil? Actually, there's no way to break this gently: the knights were the bad guys here. The 13th-century Albigensian Crusade saw tens of thousands of Cathar 'heretics' slaughtered – and these bastions saw the Cathars' last stands. The castle at Peyrepertuse, largest and most vertiginously sited, now hosts displays of falconry and medieval combat, but wander to the battlements, gaze over the rugged landscape, and imagine the lives (and deaths) of its erstwhile inhabitants.
8. Corvin Castle, Hunedoara, Romania
Because sometimes fairytales are actually nightmares… Europe's spookiest castle is, appropriately, located on Dracula's patch in Transylvania; some say Vlad was imprisoned here. If you don't feel a shiver down your spine on approaching over the bridge, with the river cascading far below, you don't have a fear gland: the only reason there aren't vampires here today is because the werewolves ate 'em all. It was the stronghold of the powerful Hungarian Corvin family in the 15th century; more recently, Ceauşescu spitefully built hideous steelworks alongside the castle. Even so, the ugly neighbourhood can't diminish the grim gravitas of the massive stone walls, turrets and Gothic bulk.
The nearest transport hub is Deva, 18km north, from where buses make the run of 30 to 40 minutes to Corvin Castle.
9. Titania's Castle, Egeskov Slot, Denmark
In a land where beloved queens and princesses still live in enchanting – if not enchanted – castles, it's apt that such palaces are everywhere. And Egeskov is a paragon of castledom: set in beautifully landscaped, peacock-prowled gardens, the 16th-century towered bastion sits inside its moat, accessed via a drawbridge. Within its walls nestles the real treasure: head to the 1st floor to see possibly the planet's most magical doll's house, Titania's Castle. Elaborately furnished and decorated with tiny treasures, it was built at the request of an English army officer's daughter to house the fairies that lived in the garden.
Egeskov has several museums and no fewer than four mazes – spend half a day exploring the grounds and castle.
10. Malbork Castle, Poland
Bigger isn't always better – but try telling that to boys. The Teutonic Knights were clearly out to impress when they built this vast edifice, reputedly Europe's largest Gothic castle. Declaring Malbork (then called Marienburg) their capital in 1309, the knights kicked off a rush of property development, expanding the original convent into an enormous fortification with towers, deep moats, strong walls, an armoury and a palace for the Grand Masters. All that didn't prevent capture, first by Poles and then by Prussians, and the castle was virtually razed during WWII. Now restored, it houses an extensive museum – but it's the monumental building that wows.
Malbork is a 45-minute train ride from Gdańsk, itself worth exploring for its wonderfully restored medieval centre.
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