When it comes to adventure, Belize’s glittering Caribbean coastline, wildlife-filled jungles and coral reefs and mysterious underground cave systems provide endless opportunities. 

Meanwhile, the country's diverse cultural heritage means there’s delicious cuisine and fun activities to be discovered. Predominantly boutique hotels are your gateway to the jewel in the crown of Central America, whether it’s the private island or ecolodge vibe you’re after. Here are 23 must-do activities for anyone visiting Belize, for adventurous and laid-back vacationers alike.

Explore Maya ruins

Belize was once the center of the Maya empire, with the mythical entrance to the underworld, Xibalba, supposedly in the country. While Maya culture still exists in Belize today, the rocky ruins of yesteryear are incredible sites for exploring Maya history. 

Ruins are found throughout the country, from the accessible Altun Ha and Lamanai to the more remote Caracol in Cayo, which remains the tallest manmade structure in Belize. Each site has a unique story to tell about Maya history and culture, plus breathtaking views and photo opportunities. Other popular ruins include Xunantunich, Cahal Pech and Lubaantun.  

Scuba dive the Blue Hole Natural Monument

Deep-water enthusiasts know Belize is a popular diving destination overall, but the famous Great Blue Hole may be the most thrilling diving site of them all. Perched at the center of Lighthouse Atoll on the Belize Barrier Reef, this perfectly round underwater sinkhole provides a dark chasm into which divers can explore a unique ecosystem, with coral, tropical fish and mysterious stalactites up to 400ft down.

Snorkeling here is also a thrilling adventure, as the wall of the hole is rich with life. 

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Party it up on Caye Caulker

A chill Caribbean vibe is concentrated on Caye Caulker, where backpackers and younger travelers, in particular, like to congregate, getting around the dusty island on foot or by bicycle. The Split beach is the main attraction, thanks to its seaweed-free waters.

Drinks, tunes and a second-floor balcony offering stunning views attract crowds to the Lazy Lizard. Several bars keep the good times rolling into the night, and restaurants like Pasta Per Caso make sure visitors and locals alike are well-fed.

A Grey Angel Fish swims among underwater plant life in the clear waters of the Turneffe Atoll in Belize.
The Turneffe Atoll in Belize is teeming with wildlife, making it a fantastic location for fly fishing © Gordon Poole /Getty Images/500px Plus

Go fly fishing at Turneffe Atoll

Belize has an abundance of bonefish, tarpon and permit – the three species of Caribbean fish an angler needs to catch in one day to complete a grand slam. Resorts like Turneffe Island Resort excel at pairing guides with guests for one-of-a-kind fly-fishing excursions in the nearby saltwater flats of the atoll, an experience that connects people with the bounty and beauty of the sea.  

Go birdwatching with the best

Saying that Belizeans are into birding is an understatement: Belize loves birds, and with more than 500 avian species, such as keel-billed toucans, scarlet macaws and indigo buntings to spot, it’s an ideal destination for birders. Most guides have knowledge of local avian life, but head to Black Rock Lodge near San Ignacio to learn from some of Belize’s top birding guides, while staying deep within the jungle. 

Attend a yoga retreat on Ray Caye

A yoga retreat on a private island in the Caribbean is the ultimate wellness vacation. Throughout the year, Placencia’s own Brice Dial hosts several of these soul-soothing events – multiday experiences full of yoga, meditation and chakra balancing – at the luxurious Ray Caye Resort. Guests at the property can also take advantage of water activities like snorkeling or diving, dine at the delicious Lionfish Grill or take on the island’s famous water slide. Throw in a rejuvenating massage for the perfect weekend recharge. 

The best time to visit Belize 

Search for jaguars on a Cockscomb jungle tour

Belize is home to the highest concentration of jaguars in the world, and while they’re extremely rare to spot, your best chance of making that happen is by exploring Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary in the jungles of southern Belize. 

DTOURZ offers daytime and nighttime tours that pack adventure alongside the jaguar search, so even if no big cats make an appearance, there are lots of other animals to see here, including 290 bird species, black howler monkeys and (sorry) snakes. 

Take a bioluminescence boat tour in Hopkins

Hopkins is a tiny seaside village known for its Garifuna culture during the day and its bioluminescence tour at night. From January to May, when the moon isn’t shining too brightly, Get To Know Belize Adventures operates an evening pontoon safari that brings you into the mangroves to see the glowing marine life. It’s a magical experience that can feel more like a dream than a reality. 

A Garifuna troupe performs traditional songs with drumming and dancing in Hopkins Village
In Hopkins, visitors to Belize can learn about the culture of the Garifuna people © Roi Brooks / Shutterstock

Get in touch with Garifuna culture

At the Lebeha drumming center in Hopkins, visitors to Belize can move to the rhythms of the Garifuna people. Descendants of an Afro-Indigenous population in the Caribbean, the Garifuna arrived in Belize in the 1800s after surviving enslavement and shipwreck; they intermarried with the Arawak people of St. Vincent, then fled to Belize to avoid persecution.

November 19 – Garifuna Settlement Day – is a celebration of that event, filled with food, dance and drumming, a major part of Garifuna culture. 

Release a blue morpho butterfly into the wild

Even emoji designers know that blue morphos are the quintessential butterfly species. These cerulean beauties are easily found in Belize’s jungles, as well as at Chaa Creek’s butterfly farm near San Ignacio. Here you can witness the lifecycle of blue morphos and other species, and if you stay at the Lodge at Chaa Creek resort for a few days, you will be given a case with a cocooning butterfly that you can release once it emerges. 

Go cave tubing

There are many ways to explore Belize’s caves, and one of the most popular is via inner tube, which is also a great way to cool off from the Belizean heat. Grab a guide and gently float through a network of caves lined with crystal rock formations, learn about Maya history and experience the darkness at the cavern's center. Book a stay at Ian Anderson’s Caves Branch lodge to take advantage of its many cave-based adventures. 

Play anthropologist on the Actun Tunichil Muknal cave tour

Located about 30km (19mi) from San Ignacio, this physically challenging tour into Actun Tunichil Muknal (the Cave of the Stone Sepulchre) is one of Belize’s most popular and memorable experiences. The ancient Maya believed ATM was the underworld, the aforementioned Xibalba.  

Hire a guide from MayaWalk Tours to take you through this archeological site, which includes skeletal remains with stories to tell. Because someone once dropped their camera right onto a skull, photography is prohibited, so you have to experience it to believe it.

Some tight spaces and water-filled areas need to be navigated during the three hours guests are inside the cave, and tours may be canceled if it’s raining excessively. 

A collection of handmade wooden souvenir bowls are placed on a blue, black and white table cloth.
Peruse some expertly made souvenirs by local artists in Belize © Lisatop/Getty Images/iStockphoto

Support local artisans at Handmade Belize marketplaces

It’s no surprise that a destination as beautiful as Belize inspires its citizens to create art and handicrafts. Take a look at the Handmade Belize Instagram account to see clothing, jewelry, artwork and more from Belizean creatives, and to track where and when artisan markets are taking place, so you can add this unique shopping experience to your Belize itinerary. 

Spice things up with Marie Sharp’s hot sauce

Tangy and spicy aren’t just adjectives for Belize, but the country’s beloved hot sauce as well. Marie Sharp’s habanero-based blends have become an international sensation in recent years, electrifying dishes worldwide with their signature Caribbean flavor. 

There’s a company factory in the southern town of Dangriga that offers free tours Monday through Friday; advanced registration is required. Hot sauce is found on every table in the country, so sampling a taste of Marie’s won’t be a problem.

The popular condiment also makes for an excellent souvenir to take home. Stop by a local market to purchase travel-size options at a cheaper price.

Lounge chairs, a woman in a bikini wading in the water, and a boat anchored just off the beach
Secret Beach is a rapidly developing spot on the west side of Ambergris Caye © Felipe Santiago / 500px / Getty Images

Relax on Secret Beach

Ambergris Caye is the top destination for all of Belize, despite the fact that it's not particularly beachy. Being an island, there’s plenty of waterfront to go around, but as of 10 years ago, finding a beach near the main town of San Pedro was a challenge, other than a few hotel-made spits of sand.

Enter Secret Beach, a rapidly developing spot on the west side of the island, where food, drinks and fun can be found. The best way to get there is by renting a golf cart for the 4.5-mile drive north of San Pedro.

Eat a fry jack

Fry jacks aren’t just a puffed-up slice of tortilla dough – they're the pride and joy of Belizean cuisine. Find these golden pockets throughout the country, sometimes filled with jam and honey and sometimes with beans and cheese (and of course a little Marie Sharp’s). 

Whether you like things sweet or savory, be sure to try them at the Fry Jack House in San Pedro, Pop’s Restaurant in San Ignacio and Errolyns House of Fry Jacks on Caye Caulker. 

Explore the jungle on a pontoon boat ride

This off-the-beaten-path experience takes place right on the border of Belize and Guatemala, deep in the jungle. Board a relaxing pontoon boat for a full day’s exploration of Western Belize’s rich jungle ecosystem, where you’re more likely to spot a parrot than a person. Jungle Splash Tours takes guests around to see waterfalls and crocodiles, and swim, climb and hike to their heart’s content.

Take a distillery tour at Copalli Rum

Belize is considered part of the Caribbean too, so rum is a given, and Copalli Rum is some of the best in the country. To see how it’s made and give it a taste, head down south to Punta Gorda to the distillery at Copal Tree Lodge. This remote part of the country is surrounded by rainforest, and still very much in touch with its Maya roots. Copalli Rum draws flavor from its environment, resulting in a smooth, strong drink that will delight rum enthusiasts.   

Cool off at Big Rock Falls

Driving into the Mountain Pine Ridge in the Cayo District to swim at Big Rock Falls is one of the top ways to spend a hot day in Belize. Reach the small but powerful falls by self-drive, horseback riding or guided tour. Here you can jump into the water from cliffs, suntan on the rocks and enjoy a picnic lunch; a waterfall massage is an essential Big Rock experience too. 

Visit the Belize Zoo

There is so much wildlife to encounter in Belize, from jaguars to tapirs to scarlet macaws, and the easiest place to check off the entire list is at the Belize Zoo. With an animal population predominantly made up of rescued creatures, it’s a great way to explore Belize’s fauna while supporting wildlife rescue efforts. 

A snorkeler above a school of fish
Get acquainted with the Belize Barrier Reef and its inhabitants at Hol Chan Marine Reserve © Stephen Frink / Getty Images

Snorkel at Hol Chan Marine Reserve

Aquatic wildlife like nurse sharks, sea turtles and eagle rays call the Belize Barrier Reef – the second largest in the world – home, and one of the best places to see them is just off the coast of Ambergris Caye at Hol Chan Marine Reserve.

A day tour snorkeling there and at Shark Ray Alley is a popular way to get acquainted, with both the reef and its inhabitants. 

Note: Belize takes its ecosystem very seriously, so respect any and all rules and regulations when it comes to the environment. 

Take a luxury vacation inside a filmmaker’s mind

Director Francis Ford Coppola is widely known for his films and his wine, but in Belize it’s his boutique luxury hotels – Turtle Inn in Placencia and Blancaneaux Lodge in the Mountain Pine Ridge – that get people excited. Both resorts are ultra-luxurious, with roomy, creatively decorated bungalows, phenomenal restaurants and a high level of service. Pair them together for a beach and jungle trip that makes the most out of Belize. 

Go horseback riding in the jungle

The Cayo District is cowboy country, just with dense jungle instead of dusty desert towns. MET Outfitters is the country's premier equestrian outfitter and can get you saddled up for a ride through the rainforest to see waterfalls, mountain vistas, and Central American wildlife. 

Belize is on our 2022 Best of Travel list. For more stories from some of the world’s most exciting destinations click here.

Safety recommendations and restrictions during a pandemic can change rapidly. Lonely Planet recommends that travelers always check with local authorities for up-to-date guidance before traveling during Covid-19.

You might also like: 
Belize: your guide to adventure activities 
Going local: explore cultural tourism in Belize
Discovering the Great Blue Hole 

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