Introducing Puerto Rico
With endless sand, swashbuckling history and wildly diverse tropical terrain, locals fittingly call this sun-washed medley of Spanish and American influences the 'Island of Enchantment.'
Why I Love Puerto Rico
By Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Author
It was a balmy January evening on a back street of Old San Juan and I noticed a tiny corner bar where a TV was showing a football game being played in a blizzard. How could I not walk right in, order a cold beer, and enjoy the incongruity? Later, as the night progressed, I was struck by the local families out strolling, giving authenticity to a place that could easily be just a tourist cliché. The next day it was luscious lechonera in Guavate, and then it was losing count of all the perfect untrod beaches in Vieques.
Puerto Rico's history lessons – told through cannon fire and colonization, repression and revolt – offer a palpable sense of the island's dynamic past. There's a bit of legend in every direction: from the fortress walls pocked by cannon fire to the crumbling towers of the sugar refineries that once fired the island's economy. Free-trading colonialists built sparkling European plazas in the harbor cities, while political revolutionaries plotted revolt in tiny villages in the central mountains. Those with a passion for history can wander precolonial Taíno ball courts or steamy coffee plantations, and even if your interest is scant, it's hard not to get caught up in Puerto Rico's fascinating story in the stunning confines of Old San Juan. The most amazing thing about this island's past is the beguiling weave it creates with the present.
Puerto Rico is the fodder of many a Caribbean daydream for good reason: it can satisfy both the lethargic beach bum or the budding big-wave surfer – all in a long weekend. Its coral reefs host a riot of tropical fish and the sands shimmer like crushed pearls. On some beaches you'll have plenty of company, but in other places like Vieques you might have some of the best stretches of sand in the world all to yourself.
Those curious enough to look beyond San Juan's condo towers and congested roads reap big rewards from the vibrant culture of this island. You'll get a whiff of it in the tempting smoke that rises from roadside lechoneras (eateries specializing in suckling pig). You'll hear it in the distorted thump of a rowdy, beer-soaked weekend in Boquerón or the intoxicating patter of a salsa beat. You'll see it down the quiet hallways of museums celebrating everything from failed revolution to classical European painting. Puerto Rican traditions have been shaped by generations of cultural synthesis, celebration and setback, and it emerges today as distinct, spirited and indomitable.
The limestone caves in the misty central mountains resound with the chirp of coquí frogs hidden among giant tree ferns. Hiking Puerto Rico's unique collection of forests – some of the wettest in the Caribbean – is an explorers dream, and few ever forget time spent on the dripping trails of El Yunque.
Puerto Rico: travel books to read before you go
This excerpt from Lonely Planet’s Puerto Rico guide provides a selection of travel literature to get you in the mood for your trip...
Need to know
Ask Lonely Planet: where can I find a unique seaside honeymoon spot?
A honeymoon with seaside charm but none of the cliches? Our travel experts were full of suggestions for Lonely Planet Magazine reader Catherine Lynch, who wanted to honeymoon somewhere beautiful, warm, by the sea - bu...
Top 10 US travel destinations for 2012
The US: it’s a big place, and there’s a lot of ground for travelers to cover...