At any time of year, Central America astounds with its gorgeous beaches, exciting hikes, ancient ruins and – above all else – extraordinary natural beauty.

As you mull a getaway to this region of small countries and huge pleasures, two of its most welcoming destinations will surely rise to the top of your list: Belize and Costa Rica.

Yet since we don’t feel qualified to recommend one over the other, we decided to outsource the question to two expert writers, who make the case for each here.

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It had better be Belize

Carolee has called Belize home for nearly 30 years where she lives, writes, and explores the curious destination as a freelance travel writer.

Ask yourself: why are Costa Ricans (known as Ticos) getting a little salty over little Belize, more than two times smaller? Perhaps because their country, long known as the adventure capital of Central America, has found some healthy competition against a younger, wilder, English-speaking cousin. 

Aerial panoramic view of the Great Blue Hole, Belize
Perhaps the most impressive view of the Great Blue Hole is from the air © Getty Images / iStockphoto

Belize might have played shy in the past. Now? It’s impossible to be low-key about the Great Blue Hole – which can be seen from space – or the world’s only jaguar preserve, Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary. Even the small stuff shines: a wildlife documentary recently called the Belize Zoo “the best little zoo in the world.”

Ticos won’t tell you that less than two hours away is the world’s second-longest barrier reef, running parallel to all 185 miles of Belize’s coastline. In fact, nothing in Belize is far away, with short domestic flights doubling as a strikingly scenic aerial tour.

Who needs volcanically formed islands when you have Belize’s coral reef–formed cayes (pronounced “keys”). Sandy, flat and gin-clear shallows surround all 400 of them, which range from spits of sand like Sergeant’s Caye to full-fledged municipalities like 25-mile-long Ambergris Caye. Belize’s accommodations are boutique, and range from eco-lodgings and rainforest resorts to such private islands also as Manta Island and Ray Caye

Paradise beach in Placencia, Belize, Central America
The beaches in Placencia never disappoint © Getty Images / iStockphoto

You can’t blame Unesco for naming the Belize Barrier Reef an outstanding natural system: there’s simply no rival for taking in marine life by scuba diving and snorkeling. Lighthouse, Glovers or Turneffe are Belize’s three pristine coral-reef atolls – and constitute three out of the western hemisphere’s total of four.

Belize’s glorious, uncrowded beaches wash away any cravings for Pacific waves – with sugary, granite strands of gold stretching the 16 miles of the Placencia Peninsula, and floury powder on cayes that’s so soft, you risk sinking in more than your toes. Unlike Costa Rica, you won’t need to pay a farmer (or anyone, actually) to get access, while gentle waves mean year-round wading. Expect to hear admonitions to “go slow,” especially in Caye Caulker – as well as plenty of Kriol, the local dialect, always spoken fast. Yet since everyone speaks English, you can skip twisting your tongue to roll your Rs for directions. 

Mayan ruins in Belize
Contemplate the past at one of the over 600 Mayan sites in Belize © Getty Images / iStockphoto

Weathered temples of 600+ ancient Maya sites play coy in five of Belize’s districts. And in the sixth, you’ll zip-line across the Stann Creek District, or rappel down waterfalls and hike through oversized fern–lined trails of the majestic Maya Mountains. Then, turn inward: the 540,000-sq-ft Chiquibul Cave System is the longest in Central America – though you can turn a headlamp and see pile-of-plates stalagmites, cave pearls and rock chandeliers inside any of Belize’s 300+ caves on foot, inner tube or canoe.

You can experience Belize’s beguiling way of life in many ways. Think: the sheer giddiness of a fly-fishing grand slam in Toledo’s Permit Alley. Or drumming lessons that pivot to punta parties of show-and-tell on the beach in Hopkins. How you drink in the sunlight after the waist-deep waters of Actun Tunichil Muknal, the sacred underground cave you’re allowed to capture with your eyes only. Even the glare from 1600ft of tumbling whitewater from the Thousand Foot Falls is brilliant, blinding, thrilling. 

Garifuna troupe performs traditional songs with drumming and dancing in Hopkins Village, Belize
The party always includes drums in Hopkins © Getty Images

Annatto-spiced stewed chicken, soft pockets of fried dough called fry jacks and spiced chimole soup that’s black as onyx: let the fusion of Central American and Caribbean cuisine here surprise you. (It’s sure tastier than mere rice and beans.) Because for every person that loves Costa Rican coffee, there’s another that adores award-winning Belizean chocolate. 

All you need is one taste of bite-sized Belize to be hooked.

Costa Rica, clearly

Mara is co-author of Lonely Planet’s guide to Costa Rica – a country she has been  traveling to and writing about for nearly three decades.

When, way back in 1996, I arrived in Costa Rica for the first time, I made a beeline to the Osa Peninsula with the hope of getting into the rainforest and spying some wildlife. The monkeys did not disappoint, and I fell in love with this wild and wonderful corner of this country. The vast expanse of coastal forest, the scarlet macaws squawking overhead, the rustic yet luxurious eco-lodges: I was hooked – and craved more.

Nearly 30 years later, after exploring every mile of this incredible isthmus, I can say with authority that every region is a destination worth discovering, from the beaches on both coasts to the majestic mountain range that cuts right down the middle, from the dry forest to the rainforest to the cloud forest – and everything in between. Sweet little Belize can hardly compete with this wonderland of biodiversity.

A woman crosses a hanging rope bridge in Costa Rica, Central America
Costa Rica is a paradise for active (and passive) nature lovers © Luis Herrera / Stocksy United

Sure, some places in Costa Rica are more developed and more touristy than others – but given the range of places to visit in this vacation paradise, it’s far from over-touristed. At present, the forward-looking country protects an impressive 28% of its land territory and 30% of its territorial waters in the form of national parks or private reserves. Do some of the more-popular destinations get crowded during the high tourist season? Yes – but there are many more places that still feel undiscovered. You don’t have to be Francis Drake to find a deserted beach or empty patch of wilderness to explore.

A sloth in the trees at Manuel Antonio National Park, Costa Rica
In Costa Rica, you’ll spot wildlife without even looking for it © Getty Images / iStockphoto

By protecting its land and waters, Costa Rica preserves the habitats of an incredible diversity of creatures. It’s not just the monkeys (although the four species found here are charismatic indeed). You also might spot smiling sloths, nosy coatis, quirky agoutis, hungry anteaters, lumbering tapirs, basking iguanas, toothy caimans and countless other animals. An incredible 850 species of birds flutter through these parts. Costa Rica’s fauna is the country’s premier attraction, and you can see it all in its natural habitat. In fact, you’re likely to see it without even looking for it. 

Meanwhile, up the coast, the Belize Zoo is a big attraction.

Do you like to go to the beach? I thought so. Costa Rica has over 200 strands on two different coastlines to sample, with beaches for surfing, snorkeling, swimming or just sunbathing. (Did we mention surfing, some of the world’s best?) There are wild, deserted beaches backed by dense forest, and there are more-civilized beaches with chaise lounges and beach bars. They don’t call this country the “rich coast” for nothing.

Two chairs on a deck overlooking Volcán Arenal, La Fortuna, Costa Rica
Away from the coasts, cloud forests rise to dramatic volcanic peaks © Gemma Can Fly / Stocksy United

Venture away from the coast and the landscape changes dramatically, rising into the lush forest-covered mountains that define this country. A series of stunning volcanic peaks beckons visitors to peer into their steaming craters and soak in their thermal pools. Cloud forests – swirling with mist and dripping with epiphytes – invite explorers to soar through the treetops and swim under luscious waterfalls. The country’s highest peak, Cerro Chirripó, rewards hikers with spectacular vistas stretching to both coasts. 

Back in Belize, the minute Maya Mountains can hardly compare to these majestic beauties.

A female surfer holding her surf board walks on a beach in Costa Rica
The country isn’t known as the “rich coast” for nothing © Raymond Forbes LLC / Stocksy United

The appeal of Costa Rica is best summed up by two words: pura vida. Pure life. You’ll hear this expression frequently on any visit, offered as a sincere wish that you might enjoy your time in this modern-day Eden. It’s a valediction, an affirmation and a state of mind, reflecting an appreciation for the awesomeness of the natural world and our role in it. 

Sure beats “you better Belize it.”

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