Xiaomen Geology Gallery

Penghu Islands

This attractively laid-out museum gives a good introduction to the volcanic and sedimentary rocks that make up the archipelago. It sits on the slope that leads from Xiamen village past coral-stone walled gardens to the clifftop path. From here, it's less than five minutes to a rocky erosion arch known, somewhat perplexingly, as Whale Cave.

It's worth walking on around the island for more fine views. Xiamen village has a minor charm too and a handful of restaurants catering for tour groups that often have lunch here.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

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