With its mellow vibe and pristine natural spaces, remote El Hierro overturns all the usual "fly-and-flop" stereotypes of the Canary Islands. Sure, there are beaches here, and plenty of ways to enjoy them, but it was El Hierro's sustainable travel credentials that put the island on the map. El Hierro was declared a Unesco Geopark in 2014, and 60% of its land area is under strict protection.
The westernmost island in the Canaries lies at a similar longitude to the Morroco-Western Sahara border, making this a prime destination for early or late season sunshine. There's a busy beach season from June to September, but it's the mild shoulder seasons in spring and fall that lure in hikers, with warm, not overpowering, temperatures and clear skies.
With winter daytime temperatures rarely dipping below 15°C (59°F), you can even enjoy El Hierro in winter, when the island is at its most uncrowded. Year-round, you'll get access to El Hierro's pretty beaches, historic towns and awe-inspiring volcanic scenery. Add in outstanding diving and water sports and down-to-earth island-fired gastronomy, and this distant Spanish outpost is a joy to explore.
Here's a guide to the best things to do on El Hierro.
El Hierro's blueprint for sustainable tourism
From the island's largely organic agricultural practices to a popular drive for electric cars and responsible tourism, a powerful ecological mindset infuses El Hierro’s soul. Back in 2014, the island kicked off plans to become the world’s first island to produce 100% of its energy from renewable sources.
And good progress is being made – in 2019, 54% of El Hierro’s electricity came from wind and water. Visitors can learn all about the island’s green ambitions by touring the wind-pumped Gorona del Viento hydroelectric plant just outside the tiny, landlocked capital, Valverde.
Local conservationists are also working hard to bring back the endangered El Hierro giant lizard, which was thought to have died out in the 1940s. A small colony of these 60cm-long creatures was rediscovered in the 1970s, and you can meet their descendants at the Ecomuseo de Guinea & Lagartario in El Golfo, where they’re bred then released into the wild.
Exploring El Hierro's volcanic landscapes
El Hierro’s vast, rural and mostly uninhabited volcanic interior is mesmerizing in its beauty and variety. Bottle-green pines carpet the southern hillsides, spring flowers burst into bloom up on the central plateau, the eerily beautiful western tip of the island at El Sabinar is dotted with wind-sculpted juniper trees and jagged cliffs dominate the coastline.
But El Hierro’s most spectacular natural sight is the amphitheater-like El Golfo depression, created by an earthquake 50,000 years ago. Today, it’s best admired from atop the stone walls of the Mirador de la Peña lookout, designed in 1989 by Lanzarote architect César Manrique.
The rugged interior of El Hierro is crisscrossed by superb hiking trails. For walks through fairy-tale laurisilva forests, try the elevated Camino de la Llanía. For epic views along craggy coastlines, try the scenery-drenched walk between Las Puntas and the natural saltwater pool at La Maceta. The challenging Camino de Jinama tracks across spine-tinglingly sheer cliffs at El Golfo, while the 27km (17 mile) Camino de la Virgen pilgrimage trail climbs right over the spine of the island.
Discovering the marine environment at El Hierro
More treasures lurk beneath the waves. The warm, tranquil Mar de las Calmas marine reserve, off southern El Hierro, contains some of Europe’s most rewarding dive sites, best explored in October. The main dive hub is the sunny fishing village of La Restinga, where reputable outfitters such as Green Shark and Arrecifal offer day trips, night dives and certification training courses. Dives explore submerged cliffs and caves, and you may spot manta rays, dolphins, turtles, whale sharks, and a veritable rainbow of other fish species.
Elsewhere, you can go kayaking, paddleboarding and snorkeling, or take a dip in sparkling sapphire sea pools. The best are at La Maceta, Charco de los Sargos and Charco Azul in El Golfo, or Cala de Tacorón near La Restinga. When the beach calls, venture out to blonde-sand Playa de las Arenas Blancas or red-sand Playa del Verodal, both hidden in far western El Hierro.
Uncovering El Hierro's historical riches
It's not all about nature. Across El Hierro, there are whispers of the island's long history, which goes back 1.2 million years, though in geological terms, this is still the youngest Canary Island! Hunt down the remote 18th-century chapel housing the island’s beloved patron saint, Nuestra Señora de los Reyes, and the Orchilla lighthouse on the southwest tip of Spain, which marked the prime meridian until 1885, when the official mark of zero degrees longitude moved to Greenwich in the UK.
Other intriguing sights include the once-sacred Garoé tree, believed to miraculously spout water from its leaves, and ancient petroglyphs etched into lava flows at El Julan by the Bimbaches, El Hierro’s original inhabitants, a cave-dwelling people originally from North Africa.
Sampling El Hierro's glorious gastronomy
Deliciously unpretentious, herreño cuisine is fuelled by fresh local ingredients and influenced by both island traditions and flavors introduced from Latin America, especially Cuba and Venezuela. Specialties include queso herreño (a buttery, smokey artisan cheese), soul-warming watercress- and cheese-based stews and carne fiesta (grilled meat, potatoes and peppers).
The island is also known for super-fresh seafood, and patatas arrugadas (wrinkly Canarian-style potatoes) dipped in mojo sauce – a spicy local condiment made from paprika, garlic and various kinds of peppers. Don’t miss the island's aniseed-infused quesadillas – not cheese tacos but soft, lemony cakes made with fresh local cheese.
Good places to sample local dishes include Joapira in La Frontera, and El Refugio and Casa Juan in La Restinga. The Parador de El Hierro hotel and the Mirador de la Peña also have excellent restaurants.
Tasting El Hierro's wine traditions
El Hierro’s wine scene has blossomed in recent years. Ancient grape varieties such as verijadiego, listán, baboso and negramuelle are grown by small-scale vineyards, exploiting steeply sloping hillsides with mineral-rich volcanic soils. The result? Delicate rosés, young reds and many crispy and tasty whites.
With advance booking, top vineyards you can tour include organic-focused Bodega Uwe Urbach in La Frontera, El Pinar’s prize-winning Bodega Elysar, and ambitious Bodega Soterana in Los Llanillos. The island's wine authority, the Consejo Regulador Denominación de Origen El Hierro, is a handy resource for all things vino, and they also do tastings in their handsome old bodega in La Frontera.
Where to stay on El Hierro
Opening on to a pebble beach on the secluded east coast, Parador de El Hierro is the island's top hotel. In Las Puntas, the adults-only Hotel Puntagrande is an old port building turned into a sleek boutique hideaway, while La Frontera’s boho-style El Sitio makes for a dreamy eco-conscious escape, set inside in a converted bodega looking out over the coast from the hillside.
Getting to El Hierro
There are no direct flights to El Hierro but it's easy to connect here from Tenerife and Gran Canaria. Local airlines Binter Canarias and Canary Fly have flights to El Hierro's tiny airstrip from Tenerife Norte (40 minutes) and Gran Canaria (one hour), or you can take a Naviera Armas ferry (three hours) from Los Cristianos in Tenerife.