Travel can be daunting sometimes, but here’s a tip: comfort can often be found in a sandwich. Packing ingredients between two (or more) slices of bread is a universal art that ties people together the world over. Sandwiches give us a real insight into a destination's cuisine, often representing the key flavors of a country.

Sometimes borne out of poverty, sandwiches can be some of the best dishes a country has to offer, even in the current day. They’re honest, substantial, reliable and affordable. In honour of the humble sandwich, we explore some of the world’s most notable creations.

A close-up of someone wearing blue latex gloves, who is preparing to roll a chicken shawarma. Pita bread is loaded with jalapenos and shredded chicken.
Lebanese chicken shawarma is rolled up before toasting © JOSEPH EID / AFP / Getty Images

Shawarma, Lebanon

Greece's souvlaki and Turkey's kebabs are well known, but the Lebanese shawarma deserves a little more attention. Two thin pita breads form the basis of the cylindrical sandwich, filled with the meat of the customer's choice – beef, lamb, or chicken. A combination of two meats is often available, too. The meats are marinated in Middle Eastern spices such as clove, cardamom, cinnamon and sumac (a zesty, lemon-flavoured spice) before being stacked on a vertical rotisserie, and left to cook until (hopefully) succulent.

Shavings of meat are placed onto the pita, complemented by staples such as tabbouleh, pickled turnips, cabbage, lettuce, tomato and onion. Then come the condiments, often hummus, sometimes toum (Lebanese garlic sauce), tahini and chili sauce. It's all wrapped up and served as is, or toasted to crisp up the bread. 

A francesinha in on a white plate, which sits on top of a bar. It's smothered with sauce and behind it sits a bowl of fries. A member of staff is out of focus, behind the bar.
The Portuguese 

Francesinha, Portugal

In Portugal's second city, Porto, it’s impossible not to discover the francesinha – an overly-indulgent sandwich guaranteed to scare the health conscious. The famed sandwich is a layered affair, with pork meat, sausage, bacon, and a beef patty or steak cradled in two slices of thick white bread. Sometimes there's a third slice of bread in the middle, just to plump things up a little more. A slice of cheese then crowns the sandwich.

It’s not over: the francesinha is often topped with a fried egg, causing the cheese to melt and fall over the sandwich’s edges. To finish the elaborate meal off, everything is drenched in a slightly acidic red sauce, combining beer and tomato. Some people add port to the sauce too for some extra kick, and as a nod to the home of port in which the sandwich was born.

A cemita sandwich sits on a white plate. The bun is filled with breaded, deep-fried meat, onions, lettuce, cheese and avocado.

Cemita, Mexico

The cemita was born in Mexico's Puebla region. Substantial and balanced, it is a true crowd-pleaser. The sandwich’s foundation is either one type of meat, or a medley – veal, beef, pork and/or chicken are common options. Oaxaca cheese shredded hair-thin is added, bringing a stringy surprise to the sandwich. Chili sauce and papalo sauce (made from a native green herb similar to coriander) come next, as do jalapenos for those who want to turn up the heat. Chunks of avocado tame the spice with the help of a buttery bread roll, likened to brioche, that holds everything together.

A stack of toasted tramezzini, filled with melted mozzarella and chives, sitting on white paper napkins a wooden chopping board. Sprigs of basil have been artfully placed as decoration.

Tramezzino, Italy

In the speedy stand-up cafes peppered around Italy, gas station diners, train station cafes and even on the streets, tramezzini are always ready to feed the people. The charming, triangular, crustless sandwiches are often small, but mutant-sized ones are also available. A section of the sandwich reveals beautifully colored layers, thanks to fillings such as prawns, prosciutto, egg salad, tomato, peppers and mozzarella. One thing is a constant – there is plenty of mayonnaise.

Tripleta, Puerto Rico

You may be able to guess what's involved in a tripleta from its name – three types of meat. And we’re not talking about thin, measly slices of meat; the Puerto Rico trio involves cube steak (bistec) marinated in lemon and garlic, asado-cooked pork, and smoky ham. Other essentials for the popular sandwich are Swiss cheese, lettuce, tomato, crunchy potato sticks, onion, ketchup and mayonnaise. It can be a mission eating a tripleta solo and you may need to call some backup to help you power through.

Juicy shredded beef is stuffed into an open bap. The sandwich is sitting on a white plate.

Rou jia mo, China

Northwest China is home to some of the country's most exciting food, influenced by the common flavors of the ‘Stans and the Middle East. Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, is a great place to find food with a punch – including this much celebrated spicy sandwich, whose hero is shredded lamb marinated with the classic combination of chilli and cumin. Onion, whether white or green, livens the mixture, and sometimes peppers are added, too. The lamb is served in bread that either fully encases the meat, or a flatbread that is cut down the middle so the lamb peeks out, tempting passersby to have a snack.

Sabich, Israel

Popular in Israel and the lesser known cousin of the falafel, sabich is a vegetarian’s dream, maybe even delicious enough to convert carnivorous skeptics. Pita bread is topped with crispy pieces of fried eggplant, pickles are added for sourness, eggs for protein and Israeli salad – finely chopped tomato, cucumber and parsley – for good measure. We can’t forget about the sauces: hummus, tahini and amba, a pickled mango sauce that drives people wild. It’s a messy exercise eating sabich, so we suggest you have napkins at the ready. Heck, you may even need a bib.

On the right is a bread roll split in half; each slice is topped with a kroket and a line of yellow-brown mustard. On the left is a napkin folded diagonally, displaying the name of the cafe (Eetsalon Van Dobben).
The Netherlands'

Broodje kroket, the Netherlands

In the Netherlands you will find what is perhaps the world’s most creative sandwich. The broodje kroket is a sandwich of ultimate resourcefulness, with the kroket (croquette) as the centrepiece. Making one involves finding whatever leftovers are in the fridge (it could be meat, vegetables or potatoes), rolling the items into a log shape and covering it in breadcrumbs before it's deep fried. The creation is placed into a bread roll, and spicy brown mustard is squeezed on top to finish. Travelers will find broodje kroket at snack bars and cafes.

Mitraillette, Belgium

Picture a supersized sandwich full of fries; that’s what a Belgian mitraillette is likened to. Translating as ‘submachine gun’, it's fully-loaded with fillings. A buttered baguette is packed with a hamburger patty or meatballs, plenty of fried potatoes and sometimes salad items such as tomato, carrot and lettuce – not that they do much to combat the heftiness of the sandwich. Cheese and mayonnaise commonly smother the fillings to finish, but not all mitraillettes are built the same. Some feature the likes of bearnaise sauce or curry ketchup. At some diners, you can construct your own mitraillette. Locals commonly enjoy the signature sandwich with a cold Flemish beer.

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Article first published in October 2019, and last updated in July 2020

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This article was first published Oct 11, 2019 and updated Jul 7, 2020.

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