Any visit to Ireland should include a trip to the Old Library in Trinity College, Dublin © VanderWolf Images / Shutterstock
Not only can the Irish talk up a storm, they're also wizards with the written word, claiming four winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Read up on some Wilde, Beckett, Joyce or Shaw and browse books, letters and manuscripts in the Georgian mansion housing the Dublin Writers Museum. Then stroll through Trinity College’s beautiful Old Library and back in time to see the Book of Kells, dating from around 800 AD. For the ultimate literary experience, visit Dublin on 16 June, when Edwardian-garbed masses take to the streets for Bloomsday, celebrating James Joyce’s masterpiece, Ulysses.
Killarney National Park
Fanning out from the vibrant town of Killarney in County Kerry, Killarney National Park is a wonderland of mountains, lakes and woodlands. Wildlife in the park's sprawling 10,236 hectares includes Ireland’s only remaining wild herd of native red deer (living here continuously for 12,000 years), as well as fish, rare insects and birds like the white-tailed sea eagle. Beyond the park boundary, don't miss the glorious Gap of Dunloe, a majestic mountain pass most entertainingly explored by jaunting car (pony-and-trap) helmed by a charismatic jarvey (driver).
Situated on a wide, arcing bay on Ireland's west coast, Galway is an excellent base for trips to the windswept Aran Islands and the remote, rugged Connemara region. But no one would blame you for not leaving this cobblestoned college town at all. What Galway lacks in sightseeing it more than makes up for in atmosphere and especially good pubs. Soak up the timeless charm of The Crane and Taaffes, catch up-and-coming bands at Roisin Dubh or hang out with hip Galwegians at the Blue Note.
County Cork food trail
County Cork’s towns and villages are stuffed with gourmet goodies just waiting to be discovered. Start your gastronomic tour in Cork City sampling the delights of the English Market, then head upstairs to the Farmhouse Cafe to try fresh dishes with the bustling ambience of the market below you. Seafood lovers should strike south to the town of Kinsale for its marine delights, including the famous Fishy Fishy Cafe or Max’s. East Cork is home to the celebrated Ballymaloe House which offers fine food and equally fine accommodation meaning you can waddle to your room after indulging. West Cork is frequently named the top foodie destination in the country and produces several renowned artisan eats including Gubbeen Farmhouse cheeses, Glenilen Farm dairy products and Rosscarbery Recipes.
St. Patrick's Cross is just one of the many historic, religious sights at the Rock of Cashel © Design Pics/George Munday / Getty Images
Rock of Cashel
Don’t let the unassuming name fool you: the Rock of Cashel is no mere rock. Standing proudly on a green hill rising from County Tipperary's plains, it's an historic treasure trove of ancient religious structures including a 12th-century Romanesque chapel and a 13th-century Gothic cathedral. But its history dates back much further – for more than 1000 years it was a symbol of power and the seat of kings and churchmen who ruled over the region.
Enjoying some traditional Irish music is a must on your first or your hundred and first visit to Ireland © Andrew Montgomery / Lonely Planet
Traditional Irish music, aka 'trad', is the heart of Ireland’s pub scene (and Guinness is the soul, but more on that later). The small village of Doolin in County Clare is famed as the centre of Irish music, but lively, informal sessions of upbeat jigs and heart-breaking ballads played with bodhráns (hand-held drums), fiddles, tin whistles, accordions and more, strike up in pubs throughout the land.
Brú Na Bóinne
Predating Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids, Brú Na Bóinne in County Meath is a mind-boggling testament to the achievements of prehistoric humans. This extraordinary necropolis includes the passage tomb Newgrange, designed during the Stone Age around 3200 BC, with a chamber that floods with sunlight on the winter solstice. Solstice tickets are drawn by lottery but you can catch a re-creation throughout the year.
Between Belfast and the walled city of Derry-Londonderry in County Antrim, Northern Ireland you'll find the Giant’s Causeway, a Unesco-listed geological wonder. Its 40,000 hexagonal basalt columns jut into the sea and were formed some 60 million years ago by cooling lava – though legend has it they were built by giant Finn McCool to fight his rival Benandonner in Scotland.
County Kerry’s Dingle Peninsula is awash with postcard-worthy vistas of sandy surf beaches and Caribbean-blue stretches of ocean. Its 'capital', the charming fishing village of Dingle, is a tangle of higgledy-piggledy streets teeming with art and craft shops, old-fashioned pubs and sublime seafood restaurants serving the day's catch.
Ireland isn't short of jawdropping scenery, but the Cliffs of Moher will take your jaw to a whole other level © honster / Getty Images
Cliffs of Moher
Along Ireland's 2500km-long coastal drive (aptly named the Wild Atlantic Way), the entirely vertical Cliffs of Moher in County Clare rise to a dramatic height of 203m (666ft). On a clear day the views are tremendous, with the Aran Islands etched on the waters of Galway Bay. From the edge you can feel the cool Atlantic spray on your cheeks and hear the booming far below as the waves crash and gnaw at the soft shale and sandstone.
The perfect pint
Pouring a Guinness – or Murphy's or Beamish – is an art form in Ireland, and no trip is complete without at least one pint of the black stuff. Savour an expertly drawn pint at John Kavanagh ('the Gravediggers') or Mulligan’s in Dublin, Matt Molloy’s in Westport, County Mayo, Mutton Lane in Cork or Tigh Neachtain in Galway. Just avoid touristy pubs where they commit the sacrilege of drawing a shamrock on the head of your beer.
This article was published in March 2011 and updated in April 2018.
Get more travel inspiration, tips and exclusive offers sent straight to your inbox with our weekly newsletter.