The medieval citadel in Pamplona.

© SvetlanaSF/Getty Images/iStockphoto



The walls and bulwarks of the grand fortified citadel, the star-shaped Ciudadela, were built between 1571 and 1645 under the direction of King Felipe II. They're considered one of the best examples of military architecture from the Spanish Renaissance. The former moats and bastions have become a setting for artists to display their works in the evenings from 6pm to 8.30pm Tuesday to Friday, noon to 2pm and 6pm to 8.30pm Saturday, and noon to 2pm Sunday.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Pamplona attractions

1. Monumento al Encierro

0.38 MILES

If you're not in town during the running of the bulls, you can get a dramatic sense of the action at this life-size bronze sculpture. Stretching 4m wide…

2. Museo de Navarra

0.44 MILES

Housed in a former medieval hospital, this superb museum has an eclectic collection of archaeological finds (including a number of fantastic Roman mosaics…

3. Catedral de Santa María

0.57 MILES

Pamplona’s cathedral stands on a rise just inside the city ramparts amid a dark thicket of narrow streets. The cathedral is a late-medieval Gothic gem…

5. Fundación-Museo Jorge Oteiza

4.53 MILES

Around 9km northeast of Pamplona in the town of Alzuza, this impressive museum contains almost hundreds of impressive works by the renowned Basque…

6. Santa María de Eunate

11.3 MILES

Surrounded by cornfields and brushed by wild flowers, the near-perfect octagonal Romanesque Santa María de Eunate, 5km east of Puente la Reina, is one of…

7. Ciudad Romana de Andelos

18.33 MILES

The Roman town of Andelos is battered, but its remote and peaceful setting gives it a special romance. The town, which reached its peak between the 1st…

8. Santuario de San Miguel de Aralar

18.6 MILES

The austere 9th-century Santuario de San Miguel de Aralar, which lies in the shadow of Monte Altxueta (1343m), is the area's main attraction. Despite its…