Jongmyo Shrine

Getty Images/Flickr Open


Gwanghwamun & Jongno-gu

Surrounded by dense woodland, the impressive buildings of the Confucian shrine Jongmyo house the spirit tablets of the Joseon kings and queens and some of their most loyal government officials. Their spirits are believed to reside in a special hole bored into the wooden tablets.

For its architecture and the special ceremonies that take place here, the shrine has been awarded World Heritage status: the most famous ceremony is the Jongmyo Daeje in early May.

Near the entrance are two ponds, both square (representing the earth) with a round island (representing the heavens).

In the middle of the main path you’ll notice triple stone paths; one is for the king, the other for the crown prince and the raised middle section for the spirits.

The main shrine, Jeongjeon, constructed in 1395, is a very long, stately and austere building fronted by a large stone-flagged courtyard. Inside are 49 royal spirit tablets in 19 small windowless rooms, which are usually locked.

On the right-hand side of the main entrance is Gonsindang, which houses the spirit tablets of 83 meritorious subjects. On the left side are shrines to Chilsa, the seven gods who aid kings.

The smaller shrine, Yeongnyeongjeon, built in 1421, has 34 spirit tablets of lesser kings in six rooms. These include four ancestors of King Taejo (the founder of the Joseon dynasty) who were made kings posthumously.

Free one-hour guided tours in English are available weekdays at 10am, noon, 2pm and 4pm.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Gwanghwamun & Jongno-gu attractions

1. Gonsindang

0.04 MILES

On the right-hand side of the entrance to Jongmyo, the World Heritage–listed Confucian shrine, this building houses the spirit tablets of 83 meritorious…

2. Tteok & Kitchen Utensil Museum


For those interested in the local sweet culture, this two-room museum at the Institute of Traditional Korean Food offers displays of rice cakes in…

3. Myeongjeongjeon

0.29 MILES

The main hall of Changgyeonggung, Myeongjeongjeon was rebuilt in 1616, making it a valuable example of 17th-century Joseon architecture, and the oldest…

4. Changgyeonggung

0.31 MILES

Originally built in the 15th century by King Sejong for his father, this is one of Seoul's 'five grand palaces'. It backs onto the more impressive…

5. Arario Museum in SPACE

0.37 MILES

Korean business magnate and contemporary-art collector Kam Chang-il has found the perfect home for jewels from his collection at this ivy-clad brick…

6. Stone Pagoda of Wongak-sa

0.38 MILES

This 10-tier, 12m-high monument in Tapgol Park once graced Wongak-sa, a Buddhist temple that stood here but was destroyed in 1504 on the orders of the…

7. Changdeokgung

0.39 MILES

The World Heritage–listed Changdeokgung is the most beautiful of Seoul's five main palaces. You must join a one-hour guided tour to look around. English…

8. Tapgol Park

0.41 MILES

Seoul's first modern-style park, opened in 1897, stands on the precincts of Wongak-sa, a Buddhist temple destroyed in 1504. Left behind was its remarkable…