The region of Lakonia occupies almost identical boundaries to the powerful mountain-skirted kingdom ruled by King Menelaus in Mycenaean times. It is home to legends, including the city of Sparta, plus the spectacular ruins of Mystras, the Byzantine Empire’s last stronghold.
Dominating the landscape are two massive mountain ranges, the Taÿgetos Mountains in the west and the Parnonas Mountains in the east. These taper away to create the central and eastern fingers of the Peloponnese.
English speakers can thank the Lakonians for the word ‘laconic’.