Hill of Crosses

Memorial in Western Hiiumaa

Northern Hiiumaa had a population of free Swedish farmers until they were forced to leave on the orders of Catherine the Great, with many ending up in the Ukraine on the false promise of a better life. This mound (only in flat Estonia could it be called a hill) beside the main road, 7km west of Kärdla, marks the spot where the last 1000 Swedes living on Hiiumaa performed their final act of worship before leaving the island in 1781.

It has become a tradition for first-time visitors to Hiiumaa to brave the mosquitoes to lay a homemade cross here.