The last Wednesday in August marks Spain’s messiest festival. Held in Buñol, 40km west of Valencia, La Tomatina is a tomato-throwing spectacle that draws more than 20,000 revellers each year. If you're planning on becoming part of the human passata, this article has all the information you need to squeeze the most out of this chaotic celebration.

Editor's note: the 2021 edition of La Tomatina is cancelled due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. The festival is set to return in August 2022.

What happens during La Tomatina?

The mayhem takes place in Buñol’s main square and Calle del Cid. At around 9am a large greased pole with a ham attached to the end of it is hoisted into the air, and there's a mad scramble as people struggle against each other to pull it down. At precisely 11am, regardless of whether someone has successfully grabbed the ham (which is rare), a cannon is fired and over 120 tonnes of ripe, squishy tomatoes are tipped from trucks to the waiting crowd. For the next hour, everyone joins in a frenzied, cheerful, anarchic tomato battle until a second cannon fire signals the end of play. Then it's a mad dash for the closest local wielding a garden hose.

Revellers are covered with smashed tomato puree during the 'Tomatina' festival in Bunol. Everyone in the photo is being splattered with tomato pulp and squinting to try protect their eyes. It's pandemonium.
The history of La Tomatina is about as clear as what's going on here © JOSE JORDAN / AFP / Getty Images

The history of La Tomatina

The crazy food-fighting festival of La Tomatina began in 1945, but it’s not known why. Locals have numerous theories, including the popular tale of disgruntled townsfolk attacking city councilmen during a town celebration. However, it could also be attributed to anything from an anti-Franco protest or simply a fun food fight between friends. Whichever way it started, the townsfolk of Buñol enjoyed it so much that it was repeated year after year, finally becoming an officially recognised celebration in 1952. Despite being canned briefly during the 1970s for having no religious significance, it has returned full-throttle every year.

The festival is now held in honour of the town's patron saint, St Louis Bertrand, and the Mare de Déu dels Desemparats (Mother of God of the Defenceless).

Revellers pelt each other with tomatoes, during the 'Tomatina' festival in Bunol. A truck moves through the crowds of tomato-covered people, spraying them with hoses
La Tomatina is surely the messiest festival in the world © JOSE JORDAN / AFP / Getty Images

How to get involved

There are several ways to join the mayhem. Most people just come for the day, arriving on the morning train from Valencia and heading back in the afternoon. But if you want the full La Tomatina experience, stay in Buñol for the week-long celebration, which involves music, dancing, parades and fireworks. The night before the fight, a paella cooking competition is held where women traditionally dress in white, and men forego shirts altogether.

Often more convenient – and surprisingly affordable – is joining a tour. Dozens of companies offer everything from transport and entrance tickets to week-long extravaganzas. Among the best is Busabout, which offers a three-day day package including accommodation, return coach transfers, entrance ticket, merchandise, additional activities including an after-party, and, comfortingly – safety in numbers.

How much does it cost to take part?

Participation costs €10; if you want to pour the tomatoes off the truck you'll have to fork out €750.

Two revellers sporting diving masks pose covered up with smashed tomatoes, during the 'Tomatina' festival in Bunol, on August 29, 2018. - This iconic annual fiesta that takes place on the last Wednesday of August and has been billed as "the world's biggest food fight". Two festival goers wear snorkelling goggles to protect their eyes from the tomato pulp
Top tip: wear goggles to protect your eyes at La Tomatina © JOSE JORDAN / AFP / Getty Images

Top tips for La Tomatina festival

  • If you’re making your own way the festival, try to purchase your ticket in advance from the festival's website – they tend to sell out online weeks prior to the event, but you can often grab last-minute tickets from touts in Valencia if you want to chance it.
  • Accommodation in Buñol generally books out in advance, as well as hostels in Valencia. You might find a last-minute bed somewhere in town, but it's best to get your accommodation sorted as soon as possible to avoid stress.
  • If you’re catching the train from Valencia, try to get to the station for 6.30am. If you get the 7am train, you'll be in Buñol for 7.45am and at the scene of the fight just after 8am. The crowds at this point are only just starting to gather, so you can get a good vantage point for the ham-on-the-pole. If you arrive any later, you'll struggle to get close to the action. And you do not want to miss the ham-on-the-pole! Right!?
  • Plan your outfit – wear old clothes and shoes and consider bringing a pair of goggles to protect your eyes. A change of clothes is a good idea – you won't be allowed on most buses back to Valencia if you're covered in pulp.
  • What you don’t bring to La Tomatina is also important. The crazed tomato-throwers take no prisoners; cameras are seen as positive invitations to pelt the owner.
  • Ensure tomatoes are squashed before you throw them to avoid injuring someone. But be warned that others wont always be so kind.
  • For more info, check out the La Tomatina website.
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This article was first published in June 2015, and last updated in August 2021.

This article was first published June 2019 and updated August 2021

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Revellers mock a swim in tomato pulp during the annual "tomatina" festivities in the village of Bunol, near Valencia on August 26, 2015. Some 22,000 revellers hurled 150 tonnes of squashed tomatoes at each other drenching the streets in red in a gigantic Spanish food fight marking the 70th annual "Tomatina" battle.    AFP PHOTO / BIEL ALINO / AFP / BIEL ALINO        (Photo credit should read BIEL ALINO/AFP via Getty Images)

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