Bursa Citadel


Some ramparts and walls still survive on the steep cliff that is the site of Bursa's citadel and its oldest neighbourhood, Tophane. Walk up Orhan Gazi (Yiğitler) Caddesi to reach the hisar (fortress). On the summit, a park contains the Tombs of Sultans Osman & Orhan, the Ottoman Empire's founders. Osman Gazi's tomb is the more richly decorated.

Although it was ruined in the 1855 earthquake, Sultan Abdül Aziz rebuilt the mausoleum in baroque style in 1863.

The six-storey clock tower, the last of four that also served as fire alarms, stands in a square with a cafe where families and couples gaze out over the valley and snap photos.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Bursa attractions

1. Tombs of Sultans Osman & Orhan

0.08 MILES

The tombs of Sultans Osman and Orhan, founders of the Ottoman Empire, are interred in a park at the summit of Bursa Citadel. The original structures were…

2. Clock Tower


This is the only surviving clock tower of a group of four that once crowned Bursa's old citadel district. The towers were also used as the city's fire…

3. Bedesten


The 14th-century Bedesten, built by Sultan Beyazıt I and reconstructed after an 1855 earthquake, is contained within Bursa's sprawling Kapalı Çarşı.

4. Hacı Sevinç Cami

0.22 MILES

Hacı Sevinç Cami is located amid the winding and labyrinthine streets of Bursa's Tahtakale district, just south of Atatürk Caddesi, and is part of Bursa's…

5. Kapalı Çarşı

0.23 MILES

Bursa's sprawling Kapalı Çarşı (Covered Market) complex is made up of several historic buildings strung out along Kapalı Çarşı Caddesi, the market's main…

6. Ulu Cami

0.23 MILES

This enormous Seljuk-style mosque (1399) is central Bursa's dominating feature. Sultan Beyazıt I built it in a monumental compromise – having pledged to…

7. Emir Han

0.25 MILES

Camel caravans travelling the Silk Road to Bursa once lodged at Emir Han, entered at the rear of Ulu Cami. Drovers and merchants slept and did business…

8. Statue of Osman

0.27 MILES

This statue, near Şehreküstü metro station on the eastern edge of the city centre, is a good landmark to get your bearings by.