Lublin Castle


Lublin’s royal castle dates to the 12th century, though it's been rebuilt many times since; the oldest surviving part is the impressive Romanesque round tower that dominates the courtyard. It was here in 1569 that Poland's union with Lithuania was signed. The castle is home to Lublin Museum and the 14th-century Gothic Chapel of the Holy Trinity, which contains Poland's finest examples of medieval frescoes; admission gives access to both and also to the tower.

The 14th-century chapel is considered a masterpiece of the Middle Ages, with Russian Byzantine–inspired frescoes painted in 1418. They were later plastered over, but were rediscovered in 1897 and painstakingly restored over a 100-year period.

The museum's permanent collection features mainly art, folk art and weaponry. During WWII the occupying German army used the castle as a prison, holding as many as 40,000 inmates. The darkest day of the war here came in July 1944, just ahead of the prison’s liberation by the Soviet Red Army, when the Germans executed 300 prisoners on the spot.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Lublin attractions

1. Grodzka Gate


This gate leads from the castle area into the Old Town and was traditionally referred to as the 'Jewish' gate, since until WWII it also separated the main…

2. Former Jewish Orphanage

0.15 MILES

A Jewish orphanage was established in this building in the 1860s. On 24 March 1942, the Nazis rounded up over 100 children here, most still in their…

3. Targ Ruska

0.18 MILES

This sprawling and only vaguely organised market has a very long history, with a market held on this site for centuries. In fact some think Lublin started…

4. Dominican Priory


Originally a Gothic complex founded by King Kazimierz III Wielki in 1342, the Dominican Priory was rebuilt in Renaissance style after it was ravaged by…

5. Trinitarian Tower

0.29 MILES

For an expansive view of the Old Town, climb to the top of Trinitarian Tower (1819), which houses the underrated Archdiocesan Museum. The chaotic layout…

6. Cathedral of St John the Baptist


This former Jesuit church dates from the 16th century and is the largest in Lublin; you can visit any time services are not taking place. The impressive…

7. Kraków Gate

0.31 MILES

The only significant remnant of the fortified walls that once surrounded the Old Town is the 14th-century Gothic Kraków Gate, built during the reign of…

8. Old Jewish Cemetery

0.37 MILES

The old Jewish cemetery, established in 1541, has 30-odd readable tombstones, including the oldest Jewish tombstone in Poland in its original location…