Gedung Pancasila

Merdeka Square & Central Jakarta

Gedung Pancasila is an imposing neoclassical building built in 1830 as the Dutch army commander’s residence. It later became the meeting hall of the Volksraad (People’s Council), but is best known as the place where Sukarno made his famous Pancasila speech on 18 August 1945, laying the foundation for Indonesia's constitution. It's now part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Merdeka Square & Central Jakarta attractions

1. Immanuel Church


This classic church dates from 1834. The interior is smaller than you'd think but it has an evocative round dome and an organ from 1843. Ask to see the…

2. Monumen Irian Jaya Pembebasan

0.27 MILES

The twin towers of this monument with a dodgy provenance soar over grassy Lapangan Banteng and are topped by a sculpture of a man breaking his chains. It…

3. Galeri Nasional

0.32 MILES

Over 1700 works of art by foreign and Indonesian artists are part of the National Gallery collection. While only a few works are on display at any time,…

4. Gereja Katedral Jakarta

0.34 MILES

This Roman Catholic cathedral is an impressive height, with lacy twin spires made from wrought iron, each 60m tall. It was built in 1901 to replace an…

5. Lapangan Banteng

0.34 MILES

Just east of Merdeka Square, Lapangan Banteng is surrounded by some of Jakarta’s best colonial architecture. It was first designed by the Dutch in the…

6. Masjid Istiqlal

0.41 MILES

The striking, modernist Masjid Istiqlal is adorned by patterned geometric grates on the windows. Completed in 1978, it's the largest mosque in Southeast…

7. Monumen Nasional

0.43 MILES

Ingloriously dubbed ‘Sukarno’s final erection’, the 132m-high National Monument (aka Monas), which rises into the shroud of smog and towers over Merdeka…

8. Ministry of Finance Building

0.45 MILES

Next door to the 1848 columned old Supreme Court is the Ministry of Finance Building, formerly the Witte Huis (White House). This grand complex was built…