Top choice in Cologne & Northern Rhineland

For a deeper understanding of the Roman presence in the region and the ruins in the adjacent Archaeological Park, the engaging RömerMuseum is a must. In a striking building, the often hands-on exhibit covers a 400-year period, kicking off with the arrival of the Roman legions and ending with the colony’s 4th-century demise at the hands of marauding Germanic tribes.

Make your way along the floating ramps to learn how the Roman folk earned their money, worshipped, educated their kids, played and buried their dead. A highlight among the locally excavated treasures is the Roman ship.

The museum, which is located about 1.3km northwest of Xanten's train station and town centre, was built on the foundations of the Roman town baths, which have been partly excavated and can be admired in an adjacent hall.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Cologne & Northern Rhineland attractions

1. Archäologischer Park

0.46 MILES

The Roman Colonia Ulpia Traiana has been reborn as an archaeological park, an open-air museum that features faithfully reconstructed buildings to help…

2. Stiftsmuseum


This museum in the 1000-year-old abbey near the Dom brims with church treasures going back as far as the 5th century, including sculptures and paintings,…

3. Siegfriedmuseum Xanten

0.63 MILES

The Nibelungenlied (Song of the Nibelungs) is an epic medieval poem about love, jealousy, murder and revenge that shot to international stardom in the…

4. Dom St Viktor

0.63 MILES

The crown jewel of Xanten’s Altstadt is the Dom St Viktor, which has Romanesque roots but is now largely Gothic. It is framed by a walled close, called an…

5. St Nikolaikirche

8.07 MILES

Dating from the 13th century, St Nikolaikirche is famous for its nine masterful altars chiselled by members of the Kalkar woodcarving school. Top billing…

6. Schloss Moyland

10.6 MILES

With its Rapunzel towers and Romeo-and-Juliet balcony, neo-Gothic Schloss Moyland is an unexpected sight amid the dull expanses of the Lower Rhine…

7. Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord

19.6 MILES

Molten iron used to flow 24/7 from the fiery furnaces of this decommissioned ironworks that is now an urban oasis, performance space and all-ages…