Hong Xiuquan, the Hakka leader of the quasi-Christian Taiping, had a palace built in Nánjīng (then named Tiānjīng or 'Heavenly Capital'), but the building was completely destroyed when Nánjīng was bloodily retaken in 1864, after a long siege. This museum is set in a beautiful Ming dynasty garden complex that once housed Taiping officials. Displays of maps show the progress of the Taiping army, Taiping coins, weapons, uniforms and texts that describe the radical Taiping laws on agrarian reform, social law and cultural policy.

The museum was closed for refurbishment at the time of writing, although some of its contents had been moved to a nearby hall within Zhān Garden.