Botswana in detail

Botswana is known for

Watching Wildlife

Some of the best wildlife watching on the continent is at your fingertips here. Unique wildlife opportunities include the chance to see the Big Five, and catching a glimpse of some of the remaining African wild dog population.

Chobe National Park Often noted as one of Africa’s best parks for watching wildlife. Accessible and with a great variety of animals, including dense elephant populations.

Moremi Game Reserve When you're thinking of the Okavango Delta's famed wildlife populations, you're probably thinking of Moremi.

Linyanti Marshes Aquatic antelopes and African wild dogs are Linyanti specialties.

Makgadikgadi & Nxai Pans National Park The largest network of salt pans in the world, Nxai Pans has a reputation for cheetah sightings, while Makgadikgadi is good for lions and the wet-season zebra migration.

Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park Big cats are Kalahari specialists, but you can also see meerkats, gemsboks and all manner of birdlife.

Nata Bird Sanctuary Fabulous flamingos and other wet-season bird congregations are highlights, with one-quarter of Botswana's birds recorded here.

Khama Rhino Sanctuary Yes, there are rhinos in the delta, but your best chance to see them is at this sanctuary in eastern Botswana.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve Black-maned Kalahari lions, the world's heaviest flying bird, the creature that could be mistaken for a unicorn…


Botswana is generally pretty flat, but even that has its own appeal in places, and there are regions where variety abounds.

Okavango Delta As desert turns into fertile land, the ebb and flow of Mother Nature on the landscape is more apparent here, one of the world’s largest inland river deltas, than anywhere else in the region.

Makgadikgadi & Nxai Pans National Park Mesmerising and strangely beautiful pancake-flat salt-pan network larger than any on the planet.

Tsodilo Hills Dramatic rocky outcrops in the country's remote northwest, with stunning, millennia-old rock art adorning the walls.

Tswapong Hills Little-known rocky canyons and escarpments in the country's east.

Tuli Block Unlike anywhere else in the country, with golden kopjes rising from the banks of the Limpopo River.

Deception Valley Wildlife-rich, fossilised river valley of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, with a fascinating history.

Nossob River The focus of everything that's good about the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park when it comes to wildlife.

Mpayathutlwa Pan Stunning salt pans in the Mabuasehube section of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, with stunning sunsets.

Off-Road Driving

There’s plenty to challenge 4WD enthusiasts who like to get off-road. In many remote places, age-old tracks (in perilous condition after the rains) are the only way to navigate the African wilderness.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve An off-roader's dream. If you’re after solitude, desertscapes and the echo of lions roaring in the night, this enormous heart of the African wilderness could become your favourite. Cross from north to south, with scarcely another vehicle in sight.

Makgadikgadi Pans If the notion of exploring 12,000 sq km of disorientating salt pans is your idea of an adventure, calibrate your GPS and head straight here.

Savuti The tracks that connect Savuti to the outside world are some of the sandiest in the country – make it here and you've earned your stripes.

Aha Hills This is Botswana's most remote corner, with challenging trails and a blissful sense of having dropped off the end of the earth.

Fly-In Safaris

Botswana is Southern Africa’s top-end safari destination, and many tour operators specialise in fly-in safaris, or include a fly-in element in their itineraries. It can be the only way to reach remote areas in the delta.

Okavango Delta Particularly popular, the luxury lodges operating these services are some of Africa’s most exclusive.

Moremi Game Reserve The only officially protected area within the delta, so plenty of wildlife and several truly decadent lodges.

Chobe National Park Lodges here boast panoramic views across the Chobe River, with herds of elephants easily seen from the grounds of your accommodation.

Tuli Block A swathe of freehold farmland in Botswana’s east supports luxury lodges operating fly-in safaris to a unique landscape with rich concentrations of wildlife.


Botswana is a birding utopia, with almost 600 species recorded. Species include the delta’s famous African skimmers, bee-eaters, Pel's fishing owl, pygmy geese, goshawks, several species of vultures and African fish eagles.

Okavango Panhandle This narrow strip of swampland, which extends for about 100km to the Namibian border, is known for its fine birdwatching.

Chobe Riverfront There is extraordinary variety in the birdlife along the riverfront, and overhead there’s a good chance of spotting African fish eagles.

Nata Bird Sanctuary A quarter of Botswana’s birds call the sanctuary home and it’s covered in a sea of pink flamingos and other migratory birds during the rains.

Central Kalahari Game Reserve Some real desert specialities inhabit the reserve, with Kalahari scrub robins, ostriches and kori bustards particular prizes.