While many of our ultimate travel destinations inevitably draw throngs of sightseers every day, others are so vast and serene you’ll probably feel like the only person left on earth.

So what are you waiting for? Opportunity to both enter the fray and ponder your existence in solitude abounds in this portion of our ultimate travel list.

31. Hanoi Old Quarter, Vietnam

Hanoi's Old Quarter

Hanoi’s Old Quarter is the complete Indochine package – a little bit French, a little bit Communist and a whole lot Vietnamese. In this neighbourhood, French colonial mansions rub chopsticks with frenetic Southeast Asian street markets and cool cafes where teenage metallers rock out to wailing guitars. Sprawling north from Hoan Kiem Lake, the Old Quarter is Hanoi’s cosmopolitan heart and it’s difficult not to fall in love with its unbridled exuberance and its brash joie de vivre.

Shop-houses in the Old Quarter are stacked up crazily like boxes in a warehouse, and storefronts spill out into the street in flowing reams of rainbow-coloured silk, leaving just enough room for a constant stream of weaving motorcycles and wandering street food vendors in conical straw hats. Dotted among the chaos are historic treasures – the One Pillar Pagoda, the Temple of Literature – and some truly spectacular places to munch on everything from pho (soup) to French baguettes.

32. Cradle Mountain, Australia

Tasmania's Cradle Mountain

Often abbreviated, Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park lies in the northwest of Tasmania, Australia’s captivating island, which is to say that it’s a long way from the rest of the world. Make the trip, however, and you’ll encounter Australia’s quirky wildlife – wombats, wallabies and Tasmanian devils if you’re very lucky – and pristine natural scenery.

Pack walking boots (and waterproofs) because this is hiking country, whether you do some of the many day walks or take on the Overland Track, a six-day trek from Cradle Valley to Lake St Clair across alpine heaths and buttongrass-filled valleys. Tree lovers will be in raptures thanks to the varied ecosystems that include old-growth rainforest, deciduous beech and lofty King Billy pines. The park, all 168,000 hectares of it, is a World Heritage area thanks to its biodiversity.

33. Uluru, Australia

A hiker approaching the southeastern side of Uluru

For a whopping great stationary rock, Uluru has an uncanny ability to sneak up on people – even those who have spent hours driving through the desert specifically to see it (which is the best way to visit – though it’s possible to fly in, with the bonus of an aerial view of the place).

Suddenly, boo! There it is, leaping up from the otherwise feature-free horizon. The profile is familiar, but the colour always surprises. For the full effect, wait until early morning. In the bone-chilling pre-dawn desert gloom, pick a spot and get a fix on the sacred silhouetted monolith. Afterwards, explore this continent-defining behemoth boulder up close, discovering myriad features including pools, waterfalls, sacred sites and an ancient indigenous classroom, complete with old lessons painted on the walls.

34. Charles Bridge, Czech Republic

Prague's Charles Bridge looking towards the Old Town Square

If Charles Bridge was still the city’s main artery, Prague would have gone purple and died years ago. Fortunately, there are now alternative ways across the Vltava River into the celebrated City of a Hundred Spires, and the iconic thoroughfare is pedestrianised.

Since the foundation stone was laid by Charles IV in 1357, the bridge has survived numerous floods and wars, and boasts many magnetic charms. Visit at dawn to dodge crowds, explore the stonework and enjoy views up and down the river, but keep an eye on the Bradáč (Bearded Man), a stone head at the Staré Město end. Traditionally, when the river rose above the Bradáč, locals legged it into the hills.

35. Abel Tasman National Park, New Zealand

Abel Tasman National Park

Near Nelson, at the top of South Island, Abel Tasman is a national park pleasuredome – a place where you can swim, sunbathe, kayak and kick back, enjoying all the fun of a beachbum holiday. This is the country’s smallest national park. It’s also the sunniest and most popular, luring visitors with a seductive blend of golden beaches, sparkling seas, pretty coastal forest and sculpted granite cliffs.

There’s no shame in simply admiring the view, but there’s plenty to keep you active. The coastal track is Abel Tasman’s cruisy multiday Great Walk with seaside campsites, communal huts and even luxury lodges. Day-trippers can hike shorter sections by hopping on and off water taxis. The ultimate adventure, however, is kayaking. Friendly waters and easy options make this an unforgettable way to explore Abel Tasman’s hidden coves and cosy up to wildlife such as fur seals, penguins and dolphins.

36. Lake District National Park, England

Hiker standing on Loft Crag looking towards Harrison Stickle, Langdale Pikes.

The Lake District contains England’s highest mountain (Scafell Pike at 978m) and deepest and longest lakes (Wastwater and Windermere). None are global giants, but simple statistics don’t do England’s most famous outdoor destination justice.

Seeing this landscape for the first time is wonderfully inspiring, partly because most visitors will feel they know it through the eyes of others: the Romantic poets swarmed here in the 19th century and defined the concept of sublime nature. More recently, Alfred Wainwright, whose illustrated mid-century hiking guides are still popular, was inspired here.

37. Louvre, France

Central courtyard of Louvre at dusk.

OK, so many of the millions who annually enter the Louvre immediately hunt down the Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo, then wander aimlessly – but the planet’s most-visited museum is no two-hit wonder.

This is a finely curated record of human endeavour and expression throughout time, housed in a 12th-century building that’s as interesting as the exhibits. The glass pyramid was much criticised when installed, but the juxtaposition of ultra-modern architecture with the historic backdrop is a reflection of the eclectic selection of 35,000 objets d’art and international antiquities found within, and it’s now a Parisian landmark.

38. Torres del Paine, Chile

Overview of Paine River and snow-capped Paine Massif.

Patagonia summons every iota of its fabled wilderness into one dramatic thrust of precipitous granite that sheers away above the wind-ravaged steppe in an outdoor-lover’s oasis of forest-cloaked mountains, lakes, plains and glacier.

This 181,000-hectare Unesco Biosphere Reserve is as good as it sounds (and a good deal more remote) – small wonder many consider this South America’s best hiking. A circuit right around the base of these 2800m-high jagged torres (towers) of rock is a week’s worth of wild walking, and besides the rich mix of scenery you may glimpse rhea, Andean condors, guanacos and grey foxes. And rapidly changing weather systems ensure the view remains rivetingly kaleidoscopic wherever you wander.

39. Lake Baikal, Russia

Residents of Severobaikalsk out on the frozen surface of Lake Baikal.

Siberia is a profound place, and there’s nowhere in its vast expanse deeper than Lake Baikal: literally. Plummeting 1642m from its azure waves (or, in winter, turquoise ice) to its almost unfathomable bottom, there’s no lake deeper on the planet either.

Of huge historical, cultural and spiritual significance – Russians call it ’the Sacred Sea’ – the 30-million-year-old Baikal has an otherworldly air that’s stirred and sustained nomadic tribes, Buddhists, Decembrists, artists and adventurers for centuries.

40. Eiffel Tower, France

Eiffel Tower and bateau mouche on Seine River.

Paris: it’s the European capital that sends romantic shivers down spines and La Tour Eiffel, the world’s most coquettish tourist attraction, is its biggest drawcard.

Round a corner, the wrought-iron spire pops provocatively into view, cross the boulevard, it’s gone: spotting the Eiffel Tower from wherever you are in the city becomes an obsession for visitors to Paris – until there is nothing for it but to touch, scale and experience this 324m-tall French flirt right up close. Monumental crowds only contribute to the sweet climax at the top: the whole of Paris laid out at your feet.

What could possibly beat these marvels? Scope out numbers 21-30 here. Wait – we’re not done yet! Find more titans of travel in this final instalment. View the complete list of the 500 best sights on the planet in our new title Ultimate Travel, which is available now in Lonely Planet's shop and where books are sold.

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Ultimate travel list: Lonely Planet's top sights in the world (21 to 30)

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