Paris basks in its reputation as a glittering capital of fashion, art and culture – but it also has the power to bewitch visitors with more macabre sights.
Peer behind the glamour of the French capital to discover the best of its underground wonders and grisly history.
Beneath Paris’ streets lies France’s most famous dark attraction, Les Catacombes. Claustrophobes might quake at the spiral staircase leading visitors deep underground, but persevere with the dizzying descent to explore a maze of tunnels steeped in history. These tunnels were consecrated when Paris’ cemeteries began to overflow. Countless remains were exhumed and laid to rest here in the late 18th century; a few decades later the bones were arranged in artistic patterns, and the subterranean mausoleum became open to visitors. And what a spellbinding sight it is: looming signs urge visitors to stop and ponder their entry into the realm of the dead, while skulls stare blankly out from walls of assembled bones.
Top tip: ueues for the Catacombs can be almost as blood-curdling as the attraction itself – plan to arrive after 5.30pm or, better yet, pre-book tickets on the official website.
For a whiffier side to the city, take the steep staircase down to the Musée des Égouts de Paris (Sewer Museum). The bowels of Paris are as stomach-churning as you might imagine, but they make a memorable visit – you’ll tread on walkways suspended directly above the foaming innards of Paris’ sewage (while holding your nose).
Top tip: don’t eat just before you go in, the stench can be overpowering. The museum is a ten-minute walk from the Eiffel Tower, along the River Seine.
As you stride through the echoey archways of this former palace, dungeons dating to the bloodiest period in French history lie beneath your feet. The ‘Terror’ of the French Revolution was a brief but blood-soaked chapter of history during which anyone considered an enemy of the republic was executed. Thousands of unfortunate souls spent their final days awaiting execution in cells at La Conciergerie. A cut above the usual rat-infested chambers were Marie Antoinette’s prison quarters; the incarcerated were forced to fund their own stays in the prison, so those of means could still eat cake while they awaited the guillotine.
Elsewhere in Paris, pay attention to faint indents in the roads – some of them are markings from where guillotines used to stand.
Top tip: this area of Paris, the Île de la Cité, is full of star attractions so take your time. Follow your visit to the Conciergerie with an uplifting tour of Sainte Chapelle, with its resplendent stained-glass windows and - of course - Notre Dame.
Paris has two museums covering medical history. Within the Université Paris Descartes, on the Left Bank in the 6e, the Musée d’Histoire de la Médecin contains Europe's oldest medical collection of chilling 18th-century surgical instruments such as amputation saws. On the Right Bank, in the Hôpital St-Louis in the 10e (established in 1607 to ease overcrowding during the plague), the Musée des Moulages is open by reservation and features some 5000 wax casts depicting disfiguring dermatological diseases.
Top tip: neither museum is recommended for children (nor anyone prone to nightmares).
There’s more life in Parisian cemeteries than you might expect: you’ll find fellow travellers, lovers walking hand-in-hand, and artists sketching angels on notepads. Listen to the creaking call of ravens, pay homage at the tomb of Oscar Wilde and ‘regrette rien’ at Édith Piaf’s grave in Père Lachaise cemetery (metro stops Père Lachaise or Philippe Auguste). Rock pilgrims also visit the grave of Jim Morrison here. Alternatively, pay a visit to famous residents like Samuel Beckett (author of Waiting for Godot) and tormented poet Charles Baudelaire in the Cimetière Montparnasse (metro Raspail or Edgar Quinet).
Top tip: watch your step. Overgrown tombs, cobblestoned paths and inclement weather can unsteady even the most footsure traveller.
Round off your dark tour of Paris with a café crème in brooding surroundings. St-Germain des Près has two of the most famous cafes in the city. The Café de Flore is where icy existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre wrote bleakly about how humankind is condemned to be free, while Simone de Beauvoir penned unflinching novellas about the plight of the modern woman. (Learn more about the café’s intellectual heritage here.) France’s most famous philosophical pair also frequented the nearby Les Deux Magots, along with surrealist painter Picasso and enigmatic novelist Albert Camus.
Top tip: embrace leisurely service in the eateries of Paris and make yourself at home. And remember, it’s fine to order wine before noon.
Last updated in July 2017.