Some parts of Manila are served by an elevated railway system, akin to rapid transit metro.
The first jeepneys were modified army jeeps left behind by the Americans after WWII. They have been customised with Filipino touches such as chrome horses, banks of coloured headlights, radio antennae, paintings of the Virgin Mary and neon-coloured scenes from action comic books.
Tricycles Found in most cities and towns, the tricycle is the Philippine rickshaw – a little, roofed sidecar bolted to a motorcycle. The standard fare for local trips in most provincial towns is P10. Tricycles that wait around in front of malls, restaurants and hotels will attempt to charge five to 10 times that for a ‘special trip’. Avoid these by standing on the roadside and flagging down a passing P10 tricycle. You can also charter tricycles for about P300 per hour or P150 per 10km if you’re heading out of town.
Pedicabs Many towns also have nonmotorised push tricycles, alternatively known as pedicabs, put-put or padyak, for shorter trips.
Kalesa Two-wheeled horse carriages found in Manila’s Chinatown and Intramuros, Vigan (North Luzon) and Cebu City (where they’re also known as tartanillas).
Habal-habal These are essentially motorcycle taxis with extended seats (literally translated as ‘pigs copulating', after the level of intimacy attained when sharing a seat with four people). Known as 'singles' in some regions, they function like tricycles, only cheaper. They are most common in the Visayas and northern Mindanao.
Metered taxis are common in Manila and most major provincial hubs. Flagfall is P40, and a 15-minute trip rarely costs more than P150. Airport taxi flagfall is usually P70.
Most taxi drivers will turn on the meter; if they don’t, politely request that they do. If the meter is ‘broken’ or your taxi driver says the fare is ‘up to you’, the best strategy is to get out and find another cab (or offer a low-ball price). Rigged taxi meters are also becoming more common, although it must be said that most taxi drivers are honest.
An alternative is to arrange a taxi and driver for the day – from P2000 to P4000 – through your hotel or another trustworthy source.
Though it’s not common, there have been cases of taxi passengers being robbed at gun- or knifepoint, sometimes with the driver in cahoots with the culprits or the driver himself holding up the passengers.
Get out of a cab straight away (in a secure populated area, of course, not in the middle of nowhere or in a slum area) if you suspect you’re being taken for a ride in more ways than one.