Must-see attractions in Egypt

  • Shaab Samadai Reef is a breeding ground of spinners dolphin in the Red sea, in Marsa Alam, Egypt.

    Sha’ab Samadai

    Marsa Alam

    This lagoon 18km south-east of Marsa Alam is home to three dive sites with a reef system full of interesting coral pinnacles and fish life. What makes…

  • The Qalawun complex in Cairo.

    Madrassa & Mausoleum of Qalaun


    Built in just 13 months, the 1279 Madrassa and Mausoleum of Qalaun is both the earliest and the most splendid of the vast religious complexes on this…

  • Scuba diver at the famous Thistlegorm ship wreck.


    Sharm El Sheikh

    One of the top five wreck dives in the world, the Thistlegorm is a 129m-long cargo ship built in Sunderland, England, which was sunk during World War II…

  • The ruins of Qasr Al Labakha in the desert.

    Qasr Al Labakha

    Western Desert

    Set amid a desertscape of duney desolation, Qasr Al Labakha is a micro-oasis some 40km north of Al Kharga. Scattered among sandy swells and rocky shelves…

  • Tropical fish at coral reef in the Red sea in Ras Mohammed national park, Sinai peninsula in Egypt.

    Ras Mohammed National Park


    The waters surrounding this peninsula, 20km west of Sharm El Sheikh, are home to spectacular coral reefs, including the world-famous Shark and Jolanda…

  • El-Khayamiya (Tentmakers) street in Cairo, Egypt.

    Tentmakers Market


    The ‘Street of the Tentmakers’ is one of the remaining medieval speciality quarters – it takes its name from the artisans who produce the bright…

  • Sandy coral reef in shallow Ras Um Sid, Egypt.

    Ras Um Sid

    Sharm El Sheikh

    One of the best dive sites in the area, Ras Um Sid features a spectacular gorgonian forest along a dramatic drop-off that hosts a great variety of reef…

  • Colorful Rainbow wrasse fish in Thomas reef, Red Sea, Egypt.

    Thomas Reef

    Sharm El Sheikh

    The smallest, but easily the most spectacular, of the Tiran reefs, Thomas is home to steeply plunging walls that are lined with soft coral, schooling fish…

  • Mahmoud Said Museum


    Mahmoud Said (1897–1964) was one of Egypt’s finest 20th-century artists, even though he is little known outside his country. A judge by profession, he…

  • Al Hayz Water Education Center

    Bahariya Oasis

    This water museum is a real treat, with an informative introduction to Egypt's water resources and problems, the geology of the Western Desert,…

  • Beni Hasan

    Northern Nile Valley

    The necropolis of Beni Hasan occupies a range of east-bank limestone cliffs some 20km south of Minya. Most of the superb tombs date from the 11th and 12th…

  • Ruins of Abu on Elephantine Island with Nile River in the background.

    Ruins of Abu


    The evocative ruins of ancient Abu and the Aswan Museum (partially closed for renovation) lie at Elephantine Island's southern tip. Numbered plaques and…

  • View of the Citadel from Al-Azhar Park

    Al Azhar Park


    With funds from the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, what had been a mountain of garbage, amassed over centuries, was in 2005, almost miraculously, transformed…

  • Cairo, Egypt - December 24, 2017:  Mihrab of Manial Palace mosque decorated with intricate golden patterns on carved wood, muqarnas in arch, bright blue tiles inside of niche, on December 24 in Cairo

    Manial Palace


    After a years'-long restoration period, this palace complex, built by the uncle of King Farouk, Prince Mohammed Ali, in the early 20th century, has once…

  • Unfinished Obelisk


    Aswan was the source of ancient Egypt’s finest granite, used to make statues and embellish temples, pyramids and obelisks. The large unfinished obelisk in…

  • Cairo Tower


    This 187m-high tower is the city’s most famous landmark after the Pyramids. Built in 1961, the structure, which resembles a stylised lotus plant with its…

  • Aisha Fahmy Palace


    Shuttered for years, the Aisha Fahmy Palace was built in 1907 for Egyptian aristocrat Ali Fahmy, who was King Farouk's army chief. Reopened as an arts…

  • Tuna Al Gebel

    Northern Nile Valley

    Tuna Al Gebel was the necropolis of Hermopolis; about 5km past the village of Tuna Al Gebel you'll find the catacombs and tombs of the residents and…

  • Cairo, Egypt, North Africa, Africa

    Bab Zuweila


    Built in the 11th century, beautiful Bab Zuweila was an execution site during Mamluk times, and today is the only remaining southern gate of the medieval…

  • Wadi Al Hittan

    Al Fayoum

    This Unesco World Heritage Site is home to the earliest prehistoric whale fossils ever discovered. The more than 400 basilosaurus and dorodontus (both…

  • Serapeum

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    The Serapeum, dedicated to the sacred Apis bull, is one of the highlights of visiting Saqqara. The first Apis burial took place in the reign of Amenhotep…

  • Mosque of Qaitbey


    Sultan Qaitbey was as ruthless as any Mamluk sultan, but he was also something of an aesthete. His mosque, completed in 1474 as part of a much larger…

  • Red Pyramid

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    The world’s oldest true pyramid, the Red Pyramid probably derives its name from the red tones of its weathered limestone, after the better-quality white…

  • Tomb of Amenemhat (No 2)

    Northern Nile Valley

    Amenemhat was a 12th-dynasty governor of Oryx. His tomb is the largest and possibly the best at Beni Hasan and, like that of Khnumhotep, its impressive…

  • Badr’s Museum

    Western Desert

    Badr Abdel Moghny is a passionate self-taught artist whose gift to his town has become its only real sight. Badr’s Museum showcases his work, much of…

  • Qarat Al Muzawwaqa

    Western Desert

    These tombs were rediscovered by the Egyptian archaeologist Ahmed Fakri in 1971 and some have since been restored, including the tomb of Oziri (Petosiris)…

  • Ain Gomma

    Bahariya Oasis

    Ain Gomma is one of the most magnificent springs around. Cool, crystal-clear water gushes into this small pool surrounded by the vast desert expanse, and…

  • Birqash Camel Market

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    Egypt’s largest camel market is held at Birqash (pronounced Bir’ash), a small village 35km northwest of Cairo, just on the edge of the Delta’s cultivated…

  • Dunraven

    Sharm El Sheikh

    The Dunraven sank in 1876 on its way from Bombay to Newcastle. Today the wreck, found at the southeast tip of Sha’ab Mahmud, is encrusted in coral and…

  • Gota Abu Ramada


    A mind-boggling abundance of marine life is on display here, 5km south of the Giftun Islands, making Gota Abu Ramada a popular spot for underwater…

  • Hurghada Marina


    Hurghada's marina is a pleasant, car-free place to stroll, especially in the evening. When you get tired of staring out to sea or dreaming about owning…

  • Ottoman Fortress

    Red Sea Coast

    This small fortress was built in 1571 to provide Ottoman troops with control to the port and therefore passage to Mecca. Modified several times by the…

  • Pyramids in Giza
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    Great Pyramid of Khufu


    The oldest pyramid in Giza and the largest in Egypt, Khufu’s Great Pyramid stood 146m high when it was completed around 2570 BC. After 46 windy centuries,…

  • Great Sphinx of Giza, a limestone statue of a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head), Giza Plateau, West Bank of the Nile, Giza, Egypt
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    Known in Arabic as Abu Al Hol (Father of Terror), this sculpture of a man with the haunches of a lion was dubbed the Sphinx by the ancient Greeks because…

  • Luxor Temple.

    Luxor Temple


    Largely built by the New Kingdom pharaohs Amenhotep III (1390–1352 BC) and Ramses II (1279–1213 BC), this temple is a strikingly graceful monument in the…

  • It is the most remarkable construction of the necropolis of Saqqara, south of the city of Memphis. Some tourists walk next to the pyramid..Saqqara, Egypt. March 27, 2008

    Step Pyramid of Zoser

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    In the year 2650 BC, Pharaoh Zoser (2667–2648 BC) asked his chief architect, Imhotep (later deified), to build him a Step Pyramid. This is the world's…

  • Hatshepsut Temple in Luxor.

    Memorial Temple of Hatshepsut


    At Deir Al Bahri, the eyes first focus on the dramatic rugged limestone cliffs that rise nearly 300m above the desert plain, only to realise that at the…

  • Temple Of Kom Ombo in Egypt.

    Temple of Kom Ombo & Crocodile Museum

    Southern Nile Valley

    Standing on a promontory at a bend in the Nile, where in ancient times sacred crocodiles basked in the sun on the riverbank, is the Temple of Kom Ombo,…

  • Tomb of Tutankhamun, Luxor, Egypt.

    Tomb of Tutankhamun (KV 62)


    The story of the celebrated discovery of the famous tomb and all the fabulous treasures it contained far outshines the reality of the small tomb of a…

  • Colossi of Memnon, Valley of Kings, Luxor, Egypt.

    Colossi of Memnon


    The two faceless Colossi of Memnon, originally representing Pharaoh Amenhotep III, rising majestically about 18m from the plain, are the first monuments…

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