Must-see attractions in Egypt

  • Ramesseum in Luxor.



    Ramses II called his massive memorial ‘the Temple of Millions of Years of User-Maat-Ra’; classical visitors called it the tomb of Ozymandias; and Jean…

  • Sandstone quarry Gebel El Silsila.

    Gebel Silsila

    Southern Nile Valley

    At Gebel Silsila, the Nile narrows considerably to pass between steep sandstone cliffs, cluttered with ancient rock stelae and graffiti. The good quality…

  • Temple of Khnum.

    Temple of Khnum

    Southern Nile Valley

    Construction of the Temple of Khnum, the ram-headed creator god who fashioned humankind on his potter’s wheel, was begun by Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–45…

  • Tomb KV11, the tomb of Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses III.

    Tomb of Ramses III (KV 11)


    One of the most popular tombs in the valley, KV 11 is also one of the most interesting and best preserved. Originally started by Sethnakht (1186–1184 BC),…

  • A 4x4 drives through the black desert in Egypt.

    Black Desert

    Bahariya Oasis

    The change in the desert floor from beige to black, 50km south of Bawiti, signals the beginning of the Black Desert. Formed by the erosion of the…

  • Kalabsha Temple on an island on Lake Nasser near Aswan in Egypt.

    Kalabsha Temple

    Southern Nile Valley

    Kalabsha Temple is an impressive Ptolemaic and Roman structure, not unlike nearby Philae in its layout. The early 19th-century Swiss traveller Burckhardt …

  • Deir el-Medina Village in Luxor, Egypt.

    Deir Al Medina


    This site takes its name from a Ptolemaic temple, later converted to a Coptic monastery – the Monastery of the Town – but the real attraction is the…

  • Interior view of the lower Chambers of Tomb QV66 Queen Nefertari, with Gods Hathor, Sekhmet, and Ra Horakhty visible, in the Valley of the Queens, Luxor, Egypt.

    Tomb of Nefertari


    Nefertari's tomb is hailed as one of the finest in the Theban necropolis – and all of Egypt for that matter. Nefertari was one of five wives of Ramses II,…

  • Camels and horse-drawn carriages next to Khafre's pyramid in Giza.

    Pyramid of Khafre


    Khafre, the second pyramid, seems larger than that of Khafre's father, Khufu. At just 136m high, it’s not, but it stands on higher ground and its peak is…

  • Gilf Kebir Plateau in Egypt.

    Gilf Kebir

    Western Desert

    The Gilf Kebir is a spectacular sandstone plateau 150km north of Gebel Uweinat, rising 300m above the desert floor. The setting feels as remote as a place…

  • The Pyramid of Menkaure, the smallest of the three pyramids of Giza in Giza Plateau in Cairo, Egypt.

    Pyramid of Menkaure


    At 62m (originally 66.5m), this pyramid is the smallest of the trio, only about one-tenth the bulk of the Great Pyramid. The pharaoh Menkaure died before…

  • The Osireion at the Temple of Seti l.


    Northern Nile Valley

    Directly behind the Temple of Seti I, the Osireion is a weird and wonderful structure, unique in Egypt and still baffling for Egyptologists. The entire…

  • Dunes in the great sand sea in Egypt.

    Great Sand Sea

    Western Desert

    One of the world’s largest dune fields, the Great Sand Sea straddles Egypt and Libya, stretching more than 800km from its northern edge near the…

  • Bent Pyramid, Dahshur, Egypt.


    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    About 10km south of Saqqara lies this impressive 3.5km-long field of 4th- and 12th-dynasty pyramids. Although there were originally 11 pyramids here, only…

  • Tombs in the Valley of the Queens, Luxor, Egypt.

    Valley of the Queens


    At the southern end of the Theban hillside, the Valley of the Queens contains at least 75 tombs that belonged to queens of the 19th and 20th dynasties as…

  • Cleopatra's Bath in Marsa Matrouh, Egypt.

    Cleopatra’s Beach

    Mediterranean Coast

    Possibly the most beautiful piece of coastline in the area, Cleopatra’s Beach sits about a 14km drive north-west of Marsa Matruh around the bay’s thin…

  • Cargo from the wreck of the Yolanda at the tip of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

    Shark & Jolanda Reefs

    Ras Mohammed National Park

    This two-for-one special off the southern tip of Ras Mohammed is among the most famous dives in the Red Sea and rated one of the top five dives in the…

  • Underwater scene with a lionfish and a group of scuba divers at the famous Elphinstone at Egypt.


    Marsa Alam

    North of Marsa Alam, Elphinstone has steep reef walls covered with soft corals and is washed by strong currents that make it ideal for spotting sharks –…

  • Tomb of Tuthmosis III (KV 34)


    Hidden in the hills between high limestone cliffs, and reached only via a steep staircase that crosses an even steeper ravine, this tomb demonstrates the…

  • Steps of Repentance


    The alternative path to Mt Sinai's summit comprises the taxing 3750 Steps of Repentance, which begin outside the southeastern corner of St Catherine's…

  • Bir Wahed

    Siwa Oasis

    A favourite Siwa excursion is the freshwater lake at Bir Wahed, 15km away on the edge of the Great Sand Sea. Once over the top of a dune, you come to a…

  • Gebel Uweinat

    Western Desert

    The mountain Gebel Uweinat sits on the border of Egypt, Sudan and Libya. At 1934m, it is the highest point in Egypt. As it name in Arabic implies, there…

  • Shiatta

    Siwa Oasis

    Sixty kilometres west of Siwa Town, this stunning salt lake on the edge of the Great Sand Sea is ringed by palm trees. It’s a popular stopover for…

  • Monastery Museum


    Above the Well of Moses in St Catherine's Monastery is the superb Monastery Museum, which has been magnificently restored. It has displays (labelled in…

  • Interior view of Tomb of Sarenput II in Qubbet el-Hawa a site of a group of Rock-cut Tombs of the Nobles on the western Bank of the Nile, opposite Aswan Egypt

    Tombs of the Nobles


    The high cliffs opposite Aswan, just north of Kitchener’s Island, are honeycombed with the tombs of the governors, the Keepers of the Gate of the South,…

  • Nubian painted houses on Elephantine Island on River Nile. - stock photo

Aswan, Egypt, North Africa, Africa

    Elephantine Island


    Elephantine Island's southern end comprises the site of ancient Abu. Its name meant both 'elephant' and 'ivory' in ancient Egyptian, a reminder of the…

  • El-Qusiya, Egypt - November 4th, 2011: A Coptic family visits a shrine at Deir al-Muharraq monastery  also called the Burned Monastery. Being one of the oldest functioning monasteries in the world it is an important pilgrimage place for Coptic Christians. Deir Al Muharraq monastery

    Deir Al Muharraq

    Northern Nile Valley

    Deir Al Muharraq, an hour’s drive northwest of Asyut, is a place of pilgrimage, refuge and vows, where the strength of Coptic traditions can be…

  • Catacombs of Kom Ash Shuqqafa


    Discovered accidentally in 1900 when a donkey disappeared through the ground, these catacombs make up the largest-known Roman burial site in Egypt and one…

  • Pyramid of Unas

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    To the southwest of Zoser’s funerary complex is the Pyramid of Unas, last pharaoh of the 5th dynasty (2375–2345 BC). Built only 300 years after the…

  • Tanis

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    Just outside the village of San Al Hagar, 70km northeast of Zagazig, are the partly excavated ruins of Tanis, a city known as Djanet to the ancient…

  • The Cairo Citadel with the Muhammad Ali Mosque



    Sprawling over a limestone spur on the city's eastern edge, the Citadel, started by Saladin in 1176 as a fortification against the Crusaders, was home to…

  • Northern Cemetery


    The Northern Cemetery is the more interesting half of a vast necropolis known popularly as the City of the Dead. The titillating name refers to the fact…

  • Beit El Suhaymi


    With its fully restored paving stones and elaborate mashrabiyya (wooden lattice screens), Darb Al Asfar alley conjures up the Middle Ages – if the Middle…

  • South Saqqara

    Cairo Outskirts & the Nile Delta

    South Saqqara is home to several Old Kingdom tombs, pyramids and mounds of rubble, interesting to the more dedicated pyramid fans.

  • Bab Al Futuh


    The rounded Bab Al Futah with its delicate carved stone arch and the square-towered Bab An Nasr were built in 1087 as the two main northern entrances to…

  • Baron's Palace


    Baron Empain lived in a fantastical and highly eccentric Hindu temple–inspired mansion, with the facade bedecked with elephants and serpents…

  • Mosque of Sayyidna Al Hussein


    One of the most sacred Islamic sites in Egypt, this mosque is the reputed burial place of the head of Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Mohammed. Most of…

  • Ras Abu Gallum Protectorate


    The starkly beautiful Ras Abu Gallum Protectorate covers 400 sq km of coastline between Dahab and Nuweiba, mixing coastal mountains, narrow valleys, sand…

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