Do you want to feel the pulse of ancient civilizations? Traveling the world’s longest rivers is an exhilarating way to experience the lifeblood of Egypt, Brazil, China and many more, gliding past many of their most imposing sights. These three inspiring voyages, featured in Lonely Planet’s Great Journeys, allow travelers to connect the past and present on the world’s longest rivers.

Felucca boats sailing on the Nile River. The Aga Khan’s domed mausoleum sits on the hill in the background. ©Peter Seaward/Lonely Planet

The Nile

Boarding a vessel on the Nile is to peel back millennia and slow down to river speed as ancient temples, oxcarts and palm trees – unaltered since Pharaohs ruled the roost – pass by. The Nile is more than the lifeblood of Egypt. It is Egypt. Without its generous overspill, this parched nation could not exist, and though accounting for just 4% of Egypt’s surface area, the Nile Valley is home to 95% of its population.

Sadly there’s no easy way to string together a long, continuous river run. No matter, though – the bits of accessible Nile offer much, from leafy islands (Egypt’s Temple of Isis on Agilkia Island) to noisy churn (Rusomo Falls, a distant headwater between Tanzania and Rwanda). You can simplify your planning by booking one of several well-organized Nile cruises, some of which also stop at Egypt's most famous sites on land.

A sail on the section from Aswan to Luxor is the easiest, and best, introduction to life on the world’s longest river, passing eternal desert scenes as well as superstars in stone: the temple of Kom Ombo, well-preserved Edfu, Karnak’s mighty Hypostyle Hall. The Egyptian government no longer allows tourists to sail further north than Abydos. In the south, however, you can continue from Aswan by ferry across Lake Nasser into Sudan; once docked you’ll transfer to train or bus. From Khartoum, it’s a juddery drive into Ethiopia, where you can trace the Blue Nile to Lake Tana. Alternatively, fly down to Kampala to ride the wild White Nile in Uganda.


Take the overnight sleeper train from Cairo to Aswan, and sail the temple-laden stretch from Aswan to Luxor – a journey of around three to six days. Sailing northwards is quicker as you’re going with the current, especially important if traveling by wind-powered felucca.

Distance: 6680km
Ideal time commitment: 3 weeks
Best time of year: March to April, September to November
Essential tip: Don’t drink the tap water.
Plan your trip: Top five stops on a cruise down the Nile in Egypt

Passenger transport - speed boat at sunrise in the Amazon
At first light in the early morning, an express passenger boat that services between Manaus and Careiro da Varzea, on the banks across the meeting of the two rivers - Negro and Amazon - heads with only one passenger along the flooded banks of the Amazon´s Getty Images

The Amazon

The Amazon is over 6200km long, containing a fifth of the world’s fresh water. If you count its numerous tributaries, the Amazon crosses seven countries from its inconspicuous source in the Peruvian highlands to its mouth near Belém in Brazil. Yet often travelers’ expectations outweigh the reality.

Many arrive expecting to their voyage to involve hopping off to the riverbanks for casual, comic book encounters with jaguars, anaconda and spear-toting natives – and there are adventurous Amazon survival tours that offer a taste of that Indiana Jones fantasy. But the Amazon’s quintessential experiences are more sublime than that. The river is massive and unrelenting, as much a life form as the plants and animals that depend on it. Wildlife is hard to spot amid this intricate, organic superstructure, but is all the more special when it makes itself known. Indigenous tribes are very withdrawn, but the Caboclo (people of mixed Indigenous and European ancestry) who populate the riverbanks buck that trend to varying extents.


The beauty of an Amazon trip is that it can be as long or as short as you make it. Most people do the journey between Brazilian cities Belém and Manaus in four to six days, although you can certainly book three night Amazon cruises or extend the experience easily to six weeks. Those longer tours will include stopovers, detours and multiple countries – like cruising from Manaus to Colombia, for example.

Distance: 1300km
Ideal time commitment: 1 week
Best time of year: May to September
Essential tip: Opt to sleep in your hammock to save money and have a little extra adventure
Plan your trip: Unmissable experiences in the Brazilian Amazon

Qutang Gorge, Most Beautiful Gorge in China. ©jejim/Shutterstock

The Yangzi

A cruise down the Yangzi, the world’s third-longest river, is one of the most memorable water-borne journeys on earth. When the river threads through the superlative Three Gorges, it’s nothing less than magical. The Three Gorges are among China’s most magnificent scenic wonders: few river panoramas are as awe-inspiring as these vast chasms of rock, sculpted over the ages by the Yangzi’s ceaseless flow. Commencing just east of Fèngjié in Chóngqìng and leveling out west of Yichang in Hubei province, they cover an incredible 200km and cruising them by riverboat is all the more memorable.

The 6300km river begins its reign as melting snow in southwestern Qinghai. It then spills from Tibet, before swelling through seven Chinese provinces. It surges past some of China’s greatest cities: Chóngqìng, Wuhan and Nanjing. The journey today has the attendant, noisy hype of a marketing machine operating at fever pitch, but no one with a pulse can fail to be moved by the gorgeous panorama unfolding in real time. The Three Gorges also host China’s biggest engineering project since the construction of the Great Wall: the controversial Three Gorges Dam.

You can find Yangzi river cruises to suit almost any trip length, from four day runs from Chóngqìng to Yichang to six day Yangzi cruises that start in Xi’an and include a visit to the Terra Cotta Warriors to a full 11 day adventures that include stops in Beijing and Shanghai.


The fastest route through the gorges, hydrofoil journeys take around 11 hours: three hours for the bus trip from Chóngqìng to Wanzhou, seven hours for the hydrofoil journey from Wanzhou to Yichang and an hour by bus from the Yichang hydrofoil terminal into town. Remember: hydrofoils are passenger vessels so there’s no outside seating. Stand by the door for the best views.

Distance: 6300km
Ideal time commitment: 3 nights and 4 days
Best time of year: In the off-season, away from the crowds, when the trip is serene and you’re able to observe life on the river from a relaxed perspective
Essential tip: Bring a good pair of binoculars.
Plan your trip: The Lonely Planet China guidebook 

Inspired to take your own epic voyage? Discover an abundance of river rides, rail routes and road trips in Lonely Planet's Great Journeys.
Planning a trip? Our handy packing lists will help you get your suitcase filled just right.

This article was first published Dec 12, 2011 and updated Sep 24, 2020.

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