The metro is useful for short hops, and to reach the Gare do Oriente and nearby Parque das Nações.
Buy tickets from metro ticket machines, which have English-language menus. The Lisboa Card is also valid.
Entrances are marked by a big red ‘M’. Useful signs include correspondência (transfer between lines) and saída (exit to the street). There is some impressive contemporary art on the metro, including Ângelo de Sousa at Baixa-Chiado and Friedensreich Hundertwasser at Oriente.
Watch out for pickpockets in rush-hour crowds.
You'll pay more for transport if you buy your ticket on board rather than purchasing a prepaid card. On-board one-way prices are €2 for buses and €3 for trams. One-way tickets for funicular rides are not available; these are €3.80 return.
The following are the most commonly used passes by visitors; there are many more, depending on your specific needs/time frames.
Viva Viagem/7 Colinas cards These are €0.50 from metro-station kiosks (add credit in €5 denominations). Cards may then be loaded with day passes and/or Zapping fares for use on a variety of transport companies.
Zapping Allows for pay-as-you-go fares of €1.33 with metro and €1.35 with Carris (buses and trams, with a hour-long re-entry period); add credit of denominations between €5 and €40. Zapping also works with Comboios de Portugal (€1.90), as well as Transportes Sul do Tejo, Fertugus and Transtejo/Soflusa, among others, with various discounted fares and included transfer periods.
Day passes Costing €6.40 and allowing unlimited travel over a 24-hour period on the entire bus, tram and metro network (€10.55 if you want to include Comboios de Portugal as well). If you're going to take more than five trips on the bus or metro on any given day, this is the best and easiest choice.
Lisboa Card Good for most tourist sights as well as bus, tram, funicular and metro travel.
Bilhete Train & Bus A hop-on, hop-off, one-day travel card valid on Comboios de Portugal trains and Scotturb suburban buses between Lisbon, Sintra, Cascais and Azambuja for €15.50.
The Elevador Baixa and Elevador Castelo are little-known free elevator rides between Baixa and Castelo. The elevators whisk passengers seven stories from inside a Pingo Doce grocery store in Baixa (through the solar-powered Chão do Loureiro parking garage) to one of Castelo's prettiest hilltop lookouts at Zambeze Restaurant on Calçada Marquês de Tancos in Castelo.
Carris operates nine historic tram routes and three historic funiculars in the city to complement its bus system. Like the buses, trams run from about 5am or 6am to about 10pm or 11pm, with some night services.
Funiculars generally have somewhat shorter hours of operation. The Ascensor da Bica runs up Rua da Bica de Duarte Belo to Calçada do Combro; Ascensor da Glória runs from Praça dos Restauradores to Rua São Pedro de Alcântara; and Ascensor da Lavra goes from Largo da Anunciada near Av da Liberdade to Rua Câmara Pestana in Lavra.
Don't leave the city without riding popular tram 28E from Largo Martim Moniz or tram 12E from Praça da Figueira through the narrow streets of Alfama. Go early in the morning or at night to avoid the tourist mobs.
Two other useful routes are tram 15E, which runs from Praça da Figueira and Praça do Comércio via Alcântara to Belém, and tram 18E, running from Praça do Comércio via Alcântara to Ajuda. Tram 15E features space-age articulated trams with on-board machines for buying tickets and passes. Tram stops are marked by a small yellow paragem (stop) sign hanging from lamp posts or overhead wires.