The Algarve

Alcoutim's flower-ringed, 13th-century castelo has sweeping views over the village rooftops and river. Inside the grounds is the Núcleo Museológico de Arqueologia (Archaeological Museum), displaying ruined medieval castle walls and other artefacts, and an exhibition on Islamic board games.

The entrance fee to the castle also includes entry to the tiny themed museums (núcleos museológicos) in Alcoutim and around.

A fort has existed here since Neolithic times, but it was established as a major fortress by the Romans in 100 AD. During the Reconquista period after 1240, the current castle began to take form. Restorations and additions continued until 1521, when it was largely abandoned once the river began silting up.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby The Algarve attractions

1. Praia Fluvial

0.29 MILES

The main attraction for most day trippers is this sandy riverside beach on a narrow tributary of the Rio Guadiana, equipped with a cafe, palm-leaf…

2. Cine Teatro da Mina de São Domingos

13.96 MILES

In São Domingos, on the main road leading into town, this place provides a suitable introduction to life during the peak of the mining industry days…

3. Casa do Mineiro

14.05 MILES

Tucked away on one of the narrow streets of São Domingos village, this small museum set among still-inhabited houses re-creates a typical miner’s cottage.

4. Torre do Rio

15.51 MILES

At the river’s edge, near its confluence with the Ribeira de Oeiras, is the ruined, Roman-era Torre do Rio, which once guarded the vital port.

5. Museu Islâmico

15.55 MILES

At the southern end of the old town, the Islamic Museum is a small but dramatic display of inscribed funerary stones, jewellery, pots and jugs from the…

6. Museu de Arte Sacra

15.56 MILES

Housed in the former Misericórdia church, the Museu de Arte Sacra exhibits religious statuettes from the 16th to 18th centuries and several impressive…

7. Torre do Relógio

15.56 MILES

This little clock tower, topped with a stork’s nest and overlooking the Rio Guadiana, is northeast of Largo Luís de Camões. Alongside it is a municipal…

8. Casa Romana

15.56 MILES

The enchanting Casa Romana is located in the cellar of the câmara municipal (town hall). The clever display allows visitors to walk ‘through’ the…