Australian Parliament House

Top choice notable building in Parkes & Barton

Image by Andrew Watson Getty Images

Opened in 1988, Australia's national parliament building is a graceful and deeply symbolic piece of architecture. The building itself is embedded in the Australian soil, covered with a turf roof and topped by a spindly but soaring 81m-high flagpole. The same detailed thought has been applied to the interior and there's plenty to see inside, whether the politicians are haranguing each other in the chambers or not.

After passing through airport-style security, visitors are free to explore large sections of the building and watch parliamentary proceedings from the public galleries. The only time that tickets are required is for the high theatre of Question Time in the House of Representatives (2pm on sitting days); tickets are free but must be booked through the Sergeant at Arms. See the website for a calendar of sitting days.

After entering through the Marble Foyer, pop into the Great Hall to take a look at the vast tapestry, which took 13 weavers two years to complete. Upstairs in the corridors surrounding the hall, there are interesting displays including temporary exhibits from the Parliamentary art collection. Look out for a 1297 edition of the Magna Carta and the original of Michael Nelson Tjakamarra's Possum & Wallaby Dreaming, which features both on the $5 note and writ large as the mosaic you passed in Parliament's forecourt.

There are further displays in the Members' Hall, ringed with august portraits of former prime ministers. From the hall, corridors branch off towards the two debating chambers. Australia has a Westminster-style democracy and its chambers echo the colour scheme of the famous 'Mother of Parliaments' in London, with a subtle local twist. Rather than the bright red of the House of Lords and the deep green of the lower house, Australia's parliament house uses a dusky pink for its Senate and a muted green for the House of Representatives, inspired by the tones of the local eucalypts.

Lifts head up to the roof where there are lawns designed for people to walk on – a reminder to the politicians below that this is the 'people's house'. As the focal point of Canberra, this is the best place to get a perspective on Walter Burley Griffin's city design. Your eyes are drawn immediately along three axes, with the Australian War Memorial backed by Mt Ainslie directly ahead, the commercial centre on an angle to the left and Duntroon (representing the military) on an angle to the right. Interestingly, the church is denied a prominent place in this very 20th-century design.

Free guided tours (30 minutes on sitting days, 45 minutes on nonsitting days) depart at 9.30am, 11am, 1pm, 2pm and 3.30pm.