Tokyo's winter charms are one of the city's best-kept secrets. This means that as well as a festive atmosphere and crisp, clear days perfect for soaking in hot springs and spotting Mt Fuji, visitors get to enjoy all that Tokyo has to offer with far fewer crowds.

Just keep in mind that many attractions close for some or all of the first week of January, for the New Year holiday.

View looking over the city of Tokyo with snow-capped Mt Fuji in the background
Winter is a great time of year for getting top views of Mt Fuji © shigemi okano / Shutterstock

See Mt Fuji

Winter is the best time of year for spotting Mt Fuji on the horizon. Draped in snow, the volcano's cone is extra picturesque this time of year. Top viewing spots in the city include the observatories at Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, Tokyo Tower, Tokyo Sky Tree and Roppongi Hills' Tokyo City View. Even better: make the brisk climb to the summit of Takao-san, on the western edge of Tokyo, or a trip down to the lake, Ashi-no-ko, in Hakone for spectacular views of Japan's iconic peak.

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A large crowd gathered in front of the shrine Meiji-jingū in Tokyo on a clear winter day
Crowds visit Tokyo's Meiji-Jingū for hatsumode – the first shrine visit of the New Year © Takashi Images / Shutterstock

Visit a shrine on New Year's Day

Tokyoites may not be a pious bunch but nearly everyone turns up for hatsumōde, the ritual first shrine visit of the New Year. The most popular spot is far and away Meiji-jingū – which gets millions of visitors over the first few days of January (expect long lines!) – but any of Tokyo's larger shrines attract visitors shortly after midnight. It's tradition to buy new omamori (charms) and omikuji (fortunes written on strips of paper) and to turn in your old ones, which will be ritually burned.

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A person dressed in an elaboarate Tengū costume and mask walking across a street in Japan
Tengū the long-nosed demon is the star of Tokyo's Tengū Matsuri in January © Keith Tarrier / Shutterstock

Toss beans for luck

Setsubun, a centuries-old observance, takes place every year on 3 February (the day before the first day of spring on the old lunar calendar). It's a sort of spring-cleaning of the spiritual kind: people gather at shrines and temples to toss toasted soybeans while shouting, 'Oni wa soto! Fuku wa uchi!' ('Devils out! Luck in!'). Then, to double down on luck, it is customary to eat one's age in soybeans. Tokyo neighbourhood Shimo-Kitazawa takes the festivities up a notch with its Tengū Matsuri. In addition to the requisite bean throwing, there is a parade of locals carrying the giant, red head of a tengū – a long-nosed demon, who is equal parts protective deity and fearsome troublemaker.  In 2020 the festival runs from 03 to 04 Februar.

Soak in hot springs

The winter chill is just one more reason to seek out an onsen (hot spring) bath. Make a day out of it at one of the city's spa complexes. These include Ōedo Onsen Monogatari, which bills itself as an onsen amusement park, and Spa LaQua, which has over a dozen baths and saunas to choose from. You can also go ultra local by taking a dip in a sentō, a community bathhouse. Some favourites include Rokuryū Kōsen, Jakotsu-yu and Komparu-yu. (Note that spas usually deny entry to guests with tattoos, but sentō usually have an open policy; the policy will typically be posted on the front door.)

Branches covered with dark pink plum blossoms with snow-capped Mt Fuji in the distance
Plum blossoms herald the coming of spring in Japan © wassei / Shutterstock

Stroll under the plum blossoms

The first sign of spring in Japan isn't sakura (cherry) blossoms; it's ume (plum) blossoms, which appear in the capital in late February. Like sakura, the photogenic flowers come in myriad shades of pink (though they're a little bigger and hardier). And while ume don't draw the party crowds that sakura does, they do occasion a visit to one of the sites that is famous for them, such as Koishikawa Kōrakuen or Yushima Tenjin.

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Blue and white lights cover a row of trees lighting up a street in Roppongi
Roppongi is one of the best places to admire Tokyo's Christmas illuminations © 7maru / Shutterstock

Admire Tokyo's Christmas lights

Christmas in Japan is a largely secular holiday and one of the most important date nights of the year. (Think of Christmas and New Year as being opposite what they are in the west; here New Year is for families and Christmas is for couples.) Tokyo's commercial districts go all out with illuminations that last the whole month of December. One particularly magical spot is Keyaki-zaka on the edge of Roppongi Hills.

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Two sumo wrestlers fight with each other in the ring as the umpire looks on
Wrestlers engage in battle at the Tokyo Grand Sumo Tournament in January © J. Henning Buchholz / Shutterstock

Catch some sumo

The first grand sumo tournament of the year kicks off at Tokyo's Ryōgoku Kokugikan in January. The tournament lasts two weeks, with matches going on all morning and afternoon each day; the most coveted tickets are for the last days of the tournament (when the stakes are highest), so book those early. The tournament runs from 12 to 26 January in 2020 (tickets on sale from 07 December 2019).

People share a nabe of broth and winter vegetables using chopsticks
A steaming nabe provides the perfect warming winter meal © marinatakano / Shutterstock

Warm up with Tokyo's winter dishes

The classic dish of winter is nabe, which is any possible combination of meat, seafood, vegetables and tofu simmered in broth in a big earthen pot set on the table. It's invariably a social dish, as one pot serves several. Lots of izakaya (Japanese-style pubs) have it on the menu in winter. Try chanko nabe – the protein-rich stew on which sumo wrestlers feast in order to gain weight and strength – at Kappō Yoshiba.

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View of skiing on a wide snow-covered ski run on a clear day at Gala Yuzawa ski resort
Take the bullet train from Tokyo direct to the slopes at Gala Yuzawa © Pradchaya Promtanom / Shutterstock

Hit the slopes near Tokyo

Tokyo's closest ski and snowboarding spot is Gala Yuzawa, just a 75-minute ride away on the shinkansen (bullet train). The train deposits you at the resort: the gondola leaves from the same station. Full gear rental (including snow attire) is available, meaning you can show up empty-handed. Gala Yuzawa gets consistently good snow (the adjacent hot spring town, Echigo-Yuzawa Onsen was, after all, the setting for Kawabata Yasunari's novel Snow Country). Take advantage of the JR Tokyo Wide train pass (adult/child ¥10,000/5000), which covers three consecutive days of return travel on the shinkansen to Gala Yuzawa, plus limited express trains to and from Nikkō, the Izu Peninsula and Narita Airport.

Grab a lucky bag

Just as shrines have hatsumode, shops have hatsuuri – the first sale of the year, which happens just after the New Year (and sometimes on New Year's Day). For this occasion, many shops (and especially department stores) prepare fukubukuro, or lucky bags, containing an unknown quantity of mystery merchandise at a steep discount. Devotees of a particular shop will queue for hours for a coveted fukubukuro; sold in limited quantities they often sell out on the first day.

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