As Brazil’s second largest city, Rio de Janeiro is vast and complex, its main concrete arteries an often-intimidating cacophony of revving engines and impatient horns.
However, a clean and efficient metro system and pleasingly cheap Uber taxis make Rio pretty straightforward to navigate. During daylight hours, exploring Rio’s main streets on foot is generally safe, but best avoided at night where possible. If you find yourself on foot at night, stick to the busiest streets. Here’s how to get around Rio de Janeiro.
Explore the lengths of the city via the metro
Rio’s metro system is an excellent way to get around. Its three lines are air-conditioned, clean and efficient. Line 1 goes from Ipanema-General Osório to Uruguai in the north zone. Line 2, which partly overlaps line 1, travels from Botafogo to Pavuna (passing Maracanã football stadium en route). Line 3 travels between Ipanema-General Osório and the eastern end of Barra da Tijuca at Jardim Oceânico.
You can purchase a cartão pré-pago (prepaid card) from a kiosk in any metro station using cash (no change given) with a minimum of R$5. You can then recharge the card at any kiosk. Free subway maps are available from most ticket booths.
During Carnaval the metro operates nonstop from 5am Saturday morning until at least 11pm on Tuesday.
Stretch your budget by taking the bus
Rio’s new BRS (Bus Rapid System) features dedicated public-transportation corridors in Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon and Barra. Fares on most buses are around R$3.50.
Every bus has its key destination displayed on the illuminated signboard in front. If you see the bus you want, hail it by sticking your arm straight out (drivers won’t stop unless flagged down).
Skirt the beaches on an orange bicycle
Rio has many kilometers of bike paths along the beach, around Lagoa and along Parque do Flamengo. The city's public bike-sharing scheme, Bike Rio, features bright-orange bikes found at more than 250 stations. After registering on the website or the app (Bike Itaú), you can buy a monthly pass (R$10) or a day pass (R$5). The bikes are released via mobile phone or app, and instructions are available in English at the stations.
Many (but not all) stations also have a pay-on-the-spot option for a day pass. After you swipe your credit card, you'll be given a code to use to release any bike. The first 60 minutes won't cost extra; after that it's R$5 per hour, though you have an unlimited number of checkouts with a 24-hour day pass (or monthly pass).
Glide overground on the light-rail
Rio's new light-rail – the VLT – is part of a massive urban-renewal project helping to revitalize Centro. Launched in 2016, the VLT has 26 stations in Rio, running on two different routes through downtown. For visitors, handy access is at Cinelândia (outside the metro) to Praça Mauá (to the stop labelled Parada dos Museus).
To reach Praça XV (Quinze) de Novembro or Praça Tiradentes, take the Praia Formosa line, which you can access on Rua Sete de Setembro, just west of Rio Branco. The VLT also goes to Aeroporto Santos Dumont and Rodoviária Novo Rio bus station. For maps, schedules and other info, download the free VLT Carioca app.
Log on to find a taxi
Rio’s yellow taxis are plentiful and easy to hail, particularly via free apps like 99Taxis or Easy Taxi. They're generally a speedy way to zip around and are usually safe. The flat rate is around R$5.50, plus about R$2.50 per kilometer (R$3 per kilometer at night and on Sunday). Radio taxis, which can be ordered in advance, are 30% more expensive than regular taxis. No one tips taxi drivers, but it’s common to round up the fare.
Ubers are popular and easy to acquire – and Europeans will find fares significantly lower than they’re used to. A group traveling any distance across the city will often find it cheaper to split an Uber fare than pay for the metro individually.
Swerve the moto-taxi
In Rocinha and some other favelas (slums, informal communities), you may well find moto-taxis (basically a lift on the back of a motorcycle) offering short rides (usually from the bottom of the favela to the top or vice versa) costing R$3.
However, unless you're embarking on an extremely unwise quest for drugs (where you’ll likely be taken to a table laden with possible purchases and surrounded by menacing fellas brandishing machine guns), there seems little point – or sense – in randomly venturing into a favela just for a gander. It's not a zoo.
Hire a car as a last resort
Driving in Rio can be a frustrating experience even if you know your way around – traffic snarls and parking problems do not make for an enjoyable holiday. Still, car-rental agencies can be found at both airports and scattered along Av Princesa Isabel in Copacabana. At the international airport, Hertz, Budget and Unidas provide rentals. In Copacabana, among the many are Hertz and Unidas.
Accessible transportation in Rio de Janerio
Rio’s penchant for haphazard paving, plus a distinct lack of lifts at many metro stops, make the city somewhat challenging to navigate by wheelchair or for those with reduced mobility.
Especial Coop Taxi has vehicles with lifts for wheelchair users. It also has its own app, Especial Coop. If you prefer to reserve a car, a few reliable radio-taxi operators include Transcoopass, Coopertramo and Transcootour.
For more information on accessible travel in Rio de Janeiro, visit Lonely Planet's accessible travel resource page.