Patagonia – a vast slice of southern Chile and Argentina – evokes images of endless pampas, mountain ranges and glacial rivers, of wide open spaces enticing exploration. A vast playground for fresh air fiends, it’s a terrific destination for numerous outdoor activities besides world-class trekking and horseback riding: white-water rafting, ice climbing, kayaking in meltwater lakes beside bobbing, house-sized chunks of ice, and wildlife-spotting. 

There are gentler ways to get to know Patagonia’s natural attractions, too: You can get up close and personal with vast glaciers by taking boat cruises and visit penguin colonies by boat or with your own set of wheels. The best time to visit Patagonia largely depends on what you want to do. Some outdoor activities are weather-dependent and confined to the November to March season (late spring to early fall in the southern hemisphere). Winter (June to August) is quietest, yet it’s also the best time to hit the slopes in the nearby Tierra del Fuego

Whenever you visit, be sure to pack a windbreaker and multiple layers, since Patagonian weather is known for its capriciousness and you may experience four seasons in one day even at the height of southern summer. 

Eight Magellanic penguins walk over rocky ground near a lighthouse on Magdalena Island in Patagonia
December to February is the best time to go penguin-spotting in Patagonia © GJ-NYC / Shutterstock

High Season – December to February – is the best time for hiking, whitewater rafting and penguin-spotting

The weather is at its best during Patagonia’s summer. You may enjoy warm, long days (punctuated by gusts of fierce Patagonian winds) as you hit the hiking trails or Chile’s whitewater rapids. Penguins return to their nesting sites for the summer. Accommodation prices shoot up by up to 50%, so you’ll need to make your travel arrangements months in advance, particularly if you have your heart set on trekking in Torres del Paine National Park or for the peak months of January and February that coincide with local holidays.

Shoulder Season – March to mid-April & November – is the best time for photographers and crowd-free hiking

Early fall (March to mid-April) is a gorgeous time to be outdoors as the deciduous trees turn red-gold and the winds are not as strong as in spring. If you don’t mind the cooler temperatures, it’s a good time to go hiking without the crowds and take advantage of lower accommodation prices. Bear in mind that in late spring (November), some trails may still be closed by snow.

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Low Season – May to October – is the best time for winter sports

With the southern mountain ranges carpeted in snow, this is the ideal time to head for Tierra del Fuego’s southernmost city, Ushuaia, to hit the slopes at the world’s southernmost ski resort. Alternatively, you can go skiing in Esquel or even Punta Arenas

Most attractions, accommodations and restaurants will shut in Chilean and Argentinian Patagonia at this time of year. Travel is logistically tricky, but experienced, self-sufficient, all-season trekkers can still go snow-shoeing in the national parks and trace guanacos (wild cousin of the llama), puma and huemul (endangered deer) by the animal tracks in the snow.

A group of eight people in blue wetsuits, helmets and yellow lifejackets white-water raft along the Futaleufu River with the leader at the back almost being chucked from his seat
January is a great time for white-water rafting in Futaleufú © Getty Images

January

Peak summer season. It coincides with school and university summer vacation in both Chile and Argentina. Long, warm days and optimal hiking conditions mean that you need to book accommodation several months ahead, particularly in Patagonian hotspots with limited accommodations like Torres del Paine, El Chaltén, El Calafate). It’s a superb time for white-water rafting in Futaleufú, for checking out sheep-shearing festivals in Villa Tehuelches and experiencing the biggest rodeo in northern Patagonia at Puerto Ibáñez.

Key Events: Festival de Artesanía y Turismo, Puerto Natales; Fiesta Nacional de la Esquilla, Villa Tehuelches, Río Mayo; Jineteadas, Puerto Ibáñez), Aniversario de Chile Chico, Chile Chico

February

This is the height of southern summer, so accommodation prices remain high. However, it’s the best month for festivals and outdoor sports events like Tierra del Fuego’s biggest barbecue, Cochrane’s culture fest or the Terra Australis mountain bike race. There are also bouldering competitions in El Chaltén, the world’s southernmost marathon and white-water rafting, kayak and cataraft events in Futaleufú.   

Key Events: Asado de Porvenir; Terra Australis, Punta Arenas; Feria de Cochrane; Festival de Boulder, El Chaltén; Futaleufú XL; Maraton Fin del Mundo, Ushuaia; Expo Patagonia, Coyhaique

March

The icy lakes in the national parks reflect the red-gold foliage of the forests, making March the perfect time of year for photographers to get the best nature shots. Smaller visitor numbers and cooler nights mean it’s easier to book accommodation in Torres del Paine National Park and elsewhere. This month is also Ideal for visiting Patagonia’s biggest outdoor attractions. 

Key Events: Fiesta Nacional del Trekking, El Chaltén;de Fiesta de Pesca del Salmón, Gobernator Gregore; Encuentro Costumbrista y Tradiciones, Villa La Tapera; Festival Jineteadas, Coraje y Amistad, Cochrane; El Día del Ternero, La Junta

April

There’s still plenty of daylight in April, so falling temperatures and low visitor numbers mean increased animal sightings in the national parks. Prices and local visitor numbers briefly shoot up for Easter. Fly fishers in northern Patagonia have the rivers largely to themselves as they make the season’s biggest catches before the waters freeze over.

Key Events: Semana Santa; FECIPA (Festival de Cine Patagonia Aysén), Coyhaique; Fiesta Costumbrista Curanto y Kuchen, Puyuhuapi; Fiesta Costumbrista del Salmón, Puerto Chacabuco; Encuentro Provincial de Ceramista, Villa Rada Tilly

May

Winter is on its way, so expect cold, wet weather and the first snowfalls. Towns with ski resorts like Ushuaia and Esquel begin buzzing with activity in anticipation of winter season. There are still daily bus services to Torres del Paine National Park (with the mountains particularly lovely with a dusting of snow) and the Perito Moreno glacier is crowd-free (though with less iceberg calving due to cold weather).

Key Events: Semana Aniversario, Puerto Natales; Semana Aniversario, Caleta Tortel

Five people in brown and dark clothes trek along the icy surface of the Perito Moreno glacier which is bright snowy white with a brilliant ribbon of glacier blue cutting through it
June and July is the best time for winter sports in Patagonia © Bluesnaps / Shutterstock

June

Temperatures drop, snowfall continues and towns in Patagonia celebrate the longest night of the year with music events and fireworks. In Ushuaia, there are Nordic ski processions as well. Much of Patagonia is quiet, but ski resorts come to life as skiers and snowboarders head for the slopes in Ushuaia, Esquel, Punta Arenas and Río Turbio.

Key Events: Fiesta de la Noche Más Larga, Ushuaia & Punta Arenas; Semana de la Fauna Marina, Puerto Madryn

July

One of the best months for skiing, July has reliable snowfall. If whizzing down glaciers and mountain slopes is not your thing, you can take part in Ushuaia’s Nordic ski and biathlon events. Or else escape the cold by checking folkloric music performances in Punta Arenas, or partake in high tea in Trelew’s celebration of its Welsh roots.  

Key Events: ​​Festival de Esquí de Fondo & Biathlon, Ushuaia; Festival Folklórico, Punta Arenas; Fiesta de la Nieve, Puerto Williams; Fiesta del Hielo, El Calafate; Fiesta Galesa de Desembarco, Trelew

August

Temperatures remain firmly low. Luckily, so do Patagonia’s winds, making skiing a pleasure. Take part in Ushuaia’s annual ‘white walk’ (Nordic ski races), join Esquel’s torchlit ski procession, else go husky sledding in Ushuaia’s Valle de Lobos. Whale-watching season also kicks off in Argentina at Península Valdés.

Key Events: Marchablanca, Ushuaia; Fiesta Nacional del Esquí, Esquel; Festival de la Escarcha, Cochrane; Fiesta del Hielo, El Calafate

September

Patagonia is shaking off winter’s grip athe nd days are getting longer and milder. It’s your last chance to hit the slopes at the Ski Festival in Esquel. Else remain in the warm and attend cultural festivals all over Patagonia, including Welsh singing and poetry in Trelew. Wildlife enthusiasts should head for Península Valdés to spot seal pups and southern right whales.

Key Events: Fiesta Nacional del Esquí, Esquel; Eistedfodd, Gaiman; Fiesta de las Colectividades, Comodoro Rivadavia; Festival Folclore y Domaduras, Chile Chico; Aniversario Villa O'Higgins, Villa O’Higgins

October

Spring is in the air, wildflowers are everywhere and hikers in the know are wearing multiple layers for the beginning of trekking season. Fierce gusts of wind aside, the trails are wonderfully crowd-free. Fly-fishing season kicks off towards the end of October in remote fishing lodges off Chile’s Carretera Austral. Southern right whale sightings guaranteed off Península Valdés. 

Key Events: Aniversario de Coyhaique, Coyhaique, Fiesta de la Ranchera Criolla, Puerto Ibañez, Festival Internacional de Cine Ambiental de la Patagonia, Puerto Madryn; Eisteddfod, Trelew; Día Nacional de la Patagonia, Comodoro Rivadavia; Maratón de las Tres Ciudades, Trelew, Gaiman & Rawson

November

The days are longer and warmer so most attractions and hotels in southern Patagonia have now reopened but the national parks remain crowd-free. November is one of the best months for hiking, if you don’t mind the cooler temperatures. The first of the season’s jineteadas – traditional gaucho sports in which the gaucho attempts to ride an untamed horse – kick off in smaller Patagonian towns.

Key Events: Festival Nacional Austral de Folklore, Pico Truncado; Jineteadas, Mañihuales; Festival de la Voz del Ciprés, Melinka; Encuentro Cultural Regional Indigena, Villa O’Higgins

December

December boasts the longest daylight hours of the year and generally warm, balmy days. This means that tourist season is in full swing. You’ll still need warm gear if camping, since night temperatures can drop below freezing. For wildlife lovers, this is an excellent time to visit penguin colonies such as Punta Tombo and Isla Magdalena, since chicks start hatching in early summer.

Key Events: Jineteadas – Cochrane, Cerro Castillo, Villa O’Higgins; Navidad

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