National Museum


Wrocław's National Museum is a treasure trove of fine art from across the ages. Medieval sculpture is displayed on the ground floor; exhibits include the Romanesque tympanum from the portal of the Church of St Mary Magdalene (which depicts the Assumption of the Virgin Mary), and 14th-century sarcophagi from the Church of SS Vincent & James. There are also collections of Silesian paintings, ceramics, silverware and furnishings from the 16th to 19th centuries.

The 2nd floor holds Polish art, mainly paintings, from the 17th century to the present. The collection covers most of Poland’s big names, including Jacek Malczewski, Stanisław Wyspiański, Witkacy (Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz) and Jan Matejko; be prepared for moody portraits and massive battle scenes. Among the modern painters, Władysław Hasior, Eugeniusz Stankiewicz-Get and Tadeusz Makowski are names to look out for, especially for their humorous takes on war and religion.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Wrocław attractions

1. Panorama of Racławice

0.12 MILES

Wrocław’s pride and joy is this giant painting of the battle for Polish independence fought at Racławice on 4 April 1794, between the Polish army led by…

2. Museum of Architecture

0.24 MILES

Taking over both artefacts and premises from the former Silesian Museum of Artistic Crafts and Antiquities, the Museum of Architecture is located in a…

3. Cathedral of St John the Baptist

0.25 MILES

The centrepiece of Cathedral Island, this three-aisled Gothic basilica was built between 1244 and 1590. Seriously damaged during WWII, it was later…

4. Church of St Giles

0.27 MILES

In contrast to the enormous neighbouring Cathedral of St John the Baptist, the austere, brick-built Romanesque Church of St Giles seems barely a cupboard…

5. Church of Our Lady on the Sand


This lofty 14th-century building dominates the tiny islet known as Sand Island (Wyspa Piasek). Almost all the fittings were destroyed during WWII and the…

6. Cathedral of SS Vincent and James

0.43 MILES

The Gothic Cathedral of SS Vincent and James was originally a Romanesque basilica, founded in the early 13th century. The largest church in the city, it's…

7. Botanical Gardens

0.43 MILES

Cathedral Island contains the city’s botanical gardens, a charming patch of greenery that's part of the University of Wrocław, serving educational and…

8. Cathedral of St Mary Magdalene

0.56 MILES

One block east of the Rynek is this mighty Gothic red-brick cathedral, dating to the 14th century. Its showpiece is a Romanesque portal from around 1280…