Chiquinquirá is the religious capital of Colombia, attracting flocks of devoted Catholic pilgrims due to a 16th-century miracle involving a painting of the Virgin Mary. It is the oldest documented Colombian painting.
Dominating the Plaza de Bolívar, the Basílica de la Virgen de Chiquinquirá houses the sacred image. Construction of the huge neoclassical church began in 1796 and was completed in 1812. The spacious three-naved interior boasts 17 chapels and an elaborate high altar where the painting – measuring 113cm by 126cm – is displayed.