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China's largest province, Xīnjiāng (新疆) is the homeland of the Muslim Uyghurs and a fast-changing region where ancient and modern clash against each other in surprising ways. High-speed railways cross the Martian landscapes linking cities in hours rather than days, and the regional capital Ürümqi is a forest of high-rise apartments and glass skyscrapers; while in parts of the Silk Road oases of Kashgar, Hotan and Turpan, life goes as it has for centuries, based around the mosque, the tea house and the bazaar.


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Colourful Buddhas and animal motifs adorn the grottoes at Yungang © Mark Brandon / Shutterstock


China’s Buddhist caves: the enduring art of the Silk Road

Mar 22, 2019 • 8 min read

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