Graben is dominated by the twisting outline of this gold-topped baroque memorial, designed by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach in 1693 at the behest of Emperor Leopold I to commemorate the 75,000 Viennese victims of the Black Death, the bubonic-plague epidemic that swept through Vienna in 1679.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Vienna attractions

1. Graben

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Today Vienna's most elegant shopping street, Graben began life as a ditch dug by the Romans to protect Vinodoba. In 1192 Leopold V filled in the ditch and…

2. Peterskirche

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One of the city's prettiest churches, the Peterskirche was built in 1733 according to plans of the celebrated baroque architect Johann Lukas von…

3. Adolf Loos' Public Toilets

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Built in 1905 by celebrated Czech-born, Vienna-based architect Adolf Loos (1870–1933) and still operating today, these opulent public toilets down a…

4. Erste Österrichische Sparkasse

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The neoclassical revivalist Erste Österreichische Sparkasse (1836), on the corner of Tuchlauben, has a gilded bee symbolising thrift and industriousness…

5. Equitable Palais

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Now containing ground-level shops and upper-level offices, this grand 1891-completed mansion designed by Andreas Streit was one of the few in Vienna never…

6. Jüdisches Museum


Housed inside Palais Eskeles, Vienna’s Jüdisches Museum showcases the history of Jews in Vienna, from the first settlements at Judenplatz in the 13th…

7. Stephansdom

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Vienna’s Gothic masterpiece Stephansdom – or Steffl (Little Stephan), as it’s ironically nicknamed – is Vienna's pride and joy. A church has stood here…

8. Museum der Illusionen

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Vienna's mind-bending Museum of Illusions, opened in 2017, confounds your senses through its 40 interactive optical illusions and installations. They…