Heeresgeschichtliches Museum

Top choice in Schloss Belvedere to the Canal

The superb Heeresgeschichtliches Museum is housed in the Arsenal, a large neo-Byzantine barracks and munitions depot. Spread over two floors, the museum works its way from the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) to WWII, taking in the Hungarian Uprising and the Austro-Prussian War (ending in 1866), the Napoleonic and Turkish Wars, and WWI. Highlights on the 1st floor include the Great Seal of Mustafa Pasha, which fell to Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Battle of Zenta in 1697.

On the ground floor, the room on the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914 – which set off a chain of events culminating in the start of WWI – steals the show. The car he was shot in (complete with bullet holes), the sofa he bled to death on and his rather grisly blood-stained coat are on show. The eastern wing covers the republic years after WWI up until the Anschluss in 1938; the excellent displays include propaganda posters and Nazi paraphernalia, plus video footage of Hitler hypnotising the masses.

Lonely Planet's must-see attractions

Nearby Schloss Belvedere to the Canal attractions

1. Belvedere 21

0.26 MILES

The modernist, glass-and-steel Austria Pavilion, designed by Karl Schwanzer for Expo 58 in Brussels, has been reborn as Belvedere 21, with exhibitions…

2. Alpengarten

0.48 MILES

This Japanese-style garden has a rockery nurturing alpine species. The tranquil garden is at its fragrant, colourful best from spring to summer, when…

3. Botanischer Garten


These botanic gardens, belonging to the Vienna University, have tropical glasshouses and 11,500 species from six continents, including wonders such as…

4. St Marxer Friedhof

0.62 MILES

Also known as the Biedermeier Cemetery (after the period in which all 6000 graves were laid out), St Marxer Friedhof is a pilgrimage site for Mozart…

5. Oberes Belvedere

0.63 MILES

Rising splendidly above the gardens and commanding sweeping views of Vienna’s skyline, the Oberes Belvedere, at Schloss Belvedere, is one of Vienna’s…

6. Belvedere Gardens

0.78 MILES

The three-tiered garden that unfurls between the two Belvederes was laid out in classical French style by Dominique Girard, a pupil of André le Nôtre of…

7. Brotfabrik

0.86 MILES

Located in the gritty 10th district, this former bread factory from the 1890s has been transformed into a warren of contemporary art galleries and…

8. Schloss Belvedere

0.94 MILES

A masterpiece of total art, Schloss Belvedere is one of the world’s finest baroque palaces. Designed by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt (1668–1745), it was…