In early November the western shore of Canada’s Hudson Bay is a jumble of new ice and ancient boulders. Dusted with fresh snow, it’s a dramatic palette of black and white, made even whiter by three frisky Arctic foxes playing tag in front of Seal River Heritage Lodge.

We’re looking out of the lounge’s big windows and laughing at the foxes’ antics when suddenly our mood turns serious. Striding across the rock-strewn beach on big furry feet is one of the largest land carnivores in the world.

A polar bear lumbers across an icy, snowy landscape
A polar bear lumbers close to Seal River Heritage Lodge in Hudson Bay, Canada © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

This is what we’re here for: to see and walk with polar bears in Canada, the country that’s home to about two-thirds of the estimated world population of 23,000 polar bears.

Still, it’s startling the first time you see a polar bear in the wild walking towards you. We watch in silence and in a matter of minutes she’s standing just metres away. Even through the windows, we’re transfixed by her powerful presence and probing black eyes. She sees us, but doesn’t show any fear as she sniffs the ground where the foxes played moments earlier. Then, she turns and keeps walking north and we let out a collective breath of wonder.

A small plane on a snowy runway, with a small group of warmly dressed travelers waiting to board
Traveling by plane from Churchill to the remote Seal River Heritage Lodge © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

How to walk with polar bears

Polar bears live throughout the Arctic, but the western shoreline of Hudson Bay is believed to have the largest concentration anywhere, between 800 and 900.

It’s got a lot to do with the way the wind blows and the ice floes. Every year in late spring, wind and currents push ice floes carrying bears into the southwest corner of the enormous bay. When the ice melts, the bears have no choice but to go ashore.

While waiting for the next freeze-up, they walk north, passing the port town of Churchill – the ‘polar bear capital of the world’ – and three Churchill Wild eco-lodges strung along the coast. Churchill Wild offers walking tours with polar bears at all three lodges every July through November.

A guide dressed warmly in a winter coat watches for polar bears across snowy tundra
Scanning the horizon for wildlife in the world's polar bear capital © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

You might also like: Where to see polar bears in the wild

“All my life I avoided polar bears,” chuckles Norman, a Cree guide at the Seal River Heritage Lodge. Coming here, he confides, “it seemed crazy at first to be following them.” And yet that’s what we’ll do each day for four days.

“We won’t walk straight up to a bear,” explains Andy, the lead guide, during an orientation session on the first day. Instead, we’ll approach indirectly in single file so we look like one long body.

“We want to show him how big we are,” adds Andy, just like a male bear will turn sideways to show another male how big he is.

A polar bear appears the sniff the snowy ground as it makes its way slowly uphill through a landscape of low scrub and uneven snow
Don't get too close: the first line of defense against polar bears is speaking loudly © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

The three guides on our twice-daily walks carry shotguns, but in the 26 years since Churchill Wild introduced walking with polar bear tours, they’ve never had to shoot one. Andy can’t remember the last time he even used bangers or screamers, deterrents that are commonly used in Churchill to scare bears away.

Instead, the first line of defense here is simply to speak firmly to an overly curious bear. “It’s just like talking to your dog,” says Andy, “I’ll raise my voice.”

Oddly enough, it’s foxes, not bears, that I fall asleep thinking about that night. Just before I turn in, I find them playing again under the outdoor spotlights. Falling snow swirls around them, like they’re inside a giant snow globe. But instead of a traditional and tranquil winter scene, the foxes race around like Wile E Coyote chasing Road Runner. Hilarious!

A white, fluffy Arctic fox arches its back and appears to stare towards the camera as it prowls across the icy ground
An Arctic fox stalks across the ice near Churchill, Canada © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

You might also like: Canada’s best wildlife experiences

Diverse wildlife watching in Hudson Bay

The next morning the temperature has plummeted to almost minus-20°C. The foxes are curled up in a bank of snow, sound asleep, their small black noses tucked under bushy tails.

A fluffy white Arctic fox is curled up in a ball in a snow bank, one beady black eye visible as it wakes up
Arctic foxes are common in the snow-laden wilderness near Churchill, Canada © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

We gather outside too, dressed in fur-trimmed parkas and puffy down jackets. With our faces covered with balaclavas to protect us from the biting cold, I can only guess who’s who.

Of the 15 guests, there are seven Americans, three Aussies, a couple of Brits, two Israelis, and a single Canadian. We’re old and young, including two mothers with their adult sons. One elderly woman has chosen to stay inside and watch life unfold through the windows.

“We’re going to explore the ridge and along the shoreline,” Andy tells the rest of us. “That’s where they like to bed, out of the wind. We’ll go nice and slow.”

A group of people all wearing colorful padded winter clothing walk in single file over snowy ground
Wrapped up: travellers battle the biting cold to get a glimpse of Canada's polar bears © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

On this walk, the only life we see is a wily wolverine and a flock of ptarmigan in winter plumage, so white it’s hard to spot them in the snow. On subsequent days we see equally white Arctic hares and lots of foxes, some red, some a cross between black and red. We take lots of photos, but none of bears.

On our second last day I’m enjoying a bowl of steaming oatmeal in the dining room when Andy invites me to look through his powerful scope. About a kilometre away a mother bear is curled up with her cub in what looks like a nest of seaweed.

A mother polar bear keeps watch while her cub rolls backward, waving their legs in the air while wriggling in a bank of seaweed, on the snow-covered ground of Churchill, Canada in a nest of seaweed.jpg
A cub frolics while a mother polar bear looks on © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

Soon we’re off, the only sound the crunch of snow under our heavy boots. We stop about 70m from where the mother and cub are resting.

“We don’t need to get any closer,” whispers Andy. “She’s super relaxed right now.” The bears don’t budge for at least 15 minutes. My fingers and toes are tingling from the cold when they finally rise, stretching and yawning, just like a person waking from a nap. For powerful predators, they sure look harmless.

The next morning we’re packed and ready for our short flight back to Churchill when guess who comes to see us off? At least that’s how it feels.

A mother polar bear raises her head above willow branches, while her cub is just visible behind. The scene is bathed in golden light
A mother polar bear watches through the willows with her cub behind her, close to wildlife-watching haven Seal River Heritage Lodge © Suzanne Morphet / Lonely Planet

Outside the safety fence surrounding the lodge, the mother and cub we watched the day before are browsing in some willows. They’re picture perfect, the sun illuminating their gentle faces and ivory fur. They practically pose, giving even the amateur photographers amongst us time to take photos.

And then they saunter off, leaving us awestruck once more.

You might also like: Canoe Canada's wilderness on these iconic waterways

Get more travel inspiration, tips and exclusive offers sent straight to your inbox with our weekly newsletter. Check out adventure tours for every traveller from our trusted partners.

Explore related stories

Getty,  RFC,  Beautiful,  Sparse,  Photography,  Perfection,  Splashing,  Breaching,  Jumping,  Hunting,  Beauty,  Scenics,  Idyllic,  Purity,  Gray,  Environment,  Vacations,  Nature,  Outdoors,  Horizontal,  Underwater,  USA,  Canada,  Tail,  Fin,  Dolphin,  Whale,  Mammal,  Barnacle,  Animal,  Drop,  Spray,  Bay,  Landscape,  Sea,  Wave,  Life,  Ripple,  Animal Body Part,  Atlantic Ocean,  Bay Of Fundy,  Beauty In Nature,  Humpback Whale,  Living Organism,  Megalodiscus Peratus,  New Brunswick,  Nova Scotia,  Rear View,  Tail Fin,  Tail Fluke,  Tranquil Scene,  Travel Destinations,  Whale Watching,  Animal,  Bird,  Mammal,  Penguin,  Sea Life,  Whale

Wildlife & Nature

11 top places to experience Nova Scotia

May 23, 2024 • 8 min read