After 31 years living in Chicago, I’ve learned a few things about the Windy City. From public transportation to advice about drinking in a bar, here are the top tips that will help you make the most out of your visit to the USA’s third-largest city.

Don’t drive, especially downtown

Driving in Chicago is no fun. Traffic snarls not only at rush hours, but also most times in between. What’s more, parking is hard to find and costly, particularly downtown near the sights, where garages charge around $40 per day. Ditch the car and use public transportation to spare yourself the annoyance.

A street scene with busy people in a blur and lots of cars
Driving in Chicago is busy and frustrating © ANDREY DENISYUK / Getty Images

Buy a Ventra Card for public transportation

It’s easy-peasy to make your way around Chicago on public transport – mainly the rackety L trains, which run on both elevated and subway tracks. They’ll get you to most sights and neighborhoods into the wee hours. Buses pick up the slack in areas that the L misses.

To save time and money, buy a rechargeable Ventra Card to use on transit, and add value as needed. Cards are available at any L station (including at the airports), and save around $0.75 per ride over disposable fare tickets. You also can download the Ventra app and buy a digital Ventra Card. The app has the bonus of providing L and bus times, too.

Whether using a plastic or digital card, simply tap it at the turnstile as you enter the L station or at the farebox as you get on the bus. If you’ll be riding more than four times per day, consider buying an unlimited ride day pass for additional savings.

A red-and-white sign saying "Chicago" outside a traditional theater
Theater tickets should be booked at least a week ahead of your trip © Daniel Kloe / Shutterstock

Book museum and theater tickets in advance

Many museums, including the Art Institute, require tickets to be purchased online in advance from the museum’s website. A day or so prior should do it, unless there’s a blockbuster exhibit going on. 

It’s also wise to book theater tickets beforehand, whether it’s for world-class opera or booze-addled Shakespearean improv. A week ahead is usually plenty of time. Browse Hot Tix for same-week drama, comedy and performing-arts tickets for half price. Note that many theaters require proof of vaccination against COVID-19. 

Make restaurant reservations

Prepare to fork into platefuls of Michelin-starred comfort food and eat like a maniac. Reservations are key, though, especially for weekend dining. Book through Tock, Open Table or Resy. A week or two in advance will work for most places, though hot spots such as Alinea and Girl & the Goat need to be reserved a couple of months out. Prime dining times are between 6pm and 8pm.

Ice on a lake with a big city skyline with tall skyscrapers in the background
Lake Michigan is responsible for Chicago's strange weather patterns © (Matty Wolin) / Getty Images

Pack a warm coat, but also a bathing suit

Chicago sits on the shore of vast Lake Michigan, which has a wild effect on the weather. It whips up heavy snow in winter and windy conditions year-round. Pack a warm coat, hat and sturdy shoes when visiting November through March. Even in summer, the temperature can drop fast, so bring a sweater when you head out for the day.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t also bring your bathing suit June through August. The city has several beaches that beckon with sand and surf. 

Choose where to stay

Downtown has loads of cool architectural hotels near the sights, but limited eating and drinking options after dark. Next door the Near North has hotels and evening action, but it’s pricey and a bit cookie-cutter. The West Loop, Lincoln Park, Lake View and Wicker Park all have abundant nightlife. They’re not near the main sights, but are easy enough to access via the L. Book accommodations a month or two in advance, if possible.

Read more: A guide to Chicago's vibrant neighborhoods

A large red-and-white sports sign outside a stadium with a bronze statue of a baseball player in front of it
Get to know Chicago's sports teams and you'll make friends wherever you go © FiledIMAGE / Shutterstock

Cheer on the sports teams

Chicagoans are rabid sports fans. Know the city's teams, and you’ll make friends wherever you go in town. 

Chicago’s two baseball teams inspire a diehard rivalry: the Cubs are the more moneyed North Side squad, while the White Sox are the blue-collar, working class team on the South Side. Both have had great success in recent years. Then again, both have sucked in recent years, too. Usually one team is up when the other is down.

The football-playing Bears ignite lots of fervor, but they’re typically not very good. They're followed by basketball's try-hard Bulls, hockey's gutsy Blackhawks, and soccer’s middling Fire.

Dress casual

Chicagoans dress informally. The apex of fashion for most men is a pair of khakis and a button-down shirt. Women's dress is similarly low-key, valuing comfort over high fashion. And don't worry about getting your best on for the evening. It's perfectly fine to wear jeans and casual clothes to dinner or the theater at night. No judgement here!

What Is a Chicago-Style Hot Dog?

Never put ketchup on a hot dog

Weird but true: the red condiment does not go on local wieners. No one really knows why. One theory is that the famed Chicago-style hot dog – which is topped with mustard, sweet pickle relish, chopped onions, tomato slices, a dill pickle spear, sport peppers and celery salt – already has a perfect flavor balance. Adding ketchup is redundant and ruins the meaty harmony. 

Grab a seat at the bar

Locals love to hang out in drinking establishments. Blame it on the long winter, when folks need to huddle together somewhere warm. Blame it on summer, when sunny days make beer gardens and sidewalk patios so splendid. 

Beer is the drink of choice. No surprise, since Chicago is home to more breweries than any other US city. Grab a seat in a neighborhood taproom, and you’ll be conversing about the Bears or the mayor in no time. You might even get offered a shot of Malört. It’s a local liquor famous for tasting awful. Downing one is a Chicago rite of passage.

Use the Pedway

Come wintertime, when the going gets tough and icy sleet knifes your face, head down to the Pedway. Chicago has a 40-block labyrinth of underground walkways, built in conjunction with the subway trains. The system isn’t entirely connected, and it’s confusing to figure out directions, but it’s a dandy way to escape the elements. Look for "Pedway" signs above ground at points of entry.

A silver commuter train runs on an elevated track between buildings
Follow basic rules of courtesy when riding public transportation © Mlenny / Getty Images

Be courteous on the L

Let passengers get off the train before getting on yourself. Wait beside the open door until everyone has departed. On escalators at the stations, stand on the right side, and walk on the left side.

Don’t smoke pot in public

Even though it’s legal to buy recreational marijuana throughout the city – at licensed dispensaries, cash only – you can only toke on private property. A backyard or balcony is OK; a car or cafe is not. Always check first with the property owner to make sure they allow it. 

As for cigarettes, you can’t smoke inside bars, restaurants and other public places, or within 15ft of the entrance.

Don’t let the headlines scare you away

Chicago has the unfortunate reputation of being the USA’s murder capital. While it’s true the city has the largest total number of homicides of any American municipality, it ranks much lower on the list when considered on a per capita basis.

Most of the violence is concentrated on the West and South Sides, where a handful of neighborhoods account for more than half of all shootings. These are communities where segregation and isolation have intensified inequality, and local gangs account for much of the bloodshed

Overall, serious crime in Chicago has been dropping in recent years, according to city statistics. Still, it’s wise to take normal, big-city precautions, especially if solo at night. Many crimes involve cell phone theft, so be subtle when using yours. If driving, stay aware of your surroundings, as carjackings have been on the rise.

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