If it weren't for superstar footballer Cristiano Ronaldo, the world might not know much about marvellous Madeira, a mountainous volcanic island 1076km southwest of Portugal and one of the country's Autonomous Regions. Madeira's magic, though, lies not in its football stars but in its landscapes.

The fishing village of Câmara de Lobos at sunset; in the distance is the Cabo Girão, with some of the world's highest sea cliffs. There are small colourful fishing boats in the harbour and green succulents in the foreground.
The fishing village of Câmara de Lobos at sunset; in the distance is the Cabo Girão, with some of the world's highest sea cliffs © Juergen Sack / Getty Images

Though an island, we're not talking about beaches: rather, the utterly gob-smacking viewpoints everywhere you turn; dramatic cliffs as tall as skyscrapers; and banana- and vineyard-strewn terraces that envelop the hillsides like gravity-defying labyrinths of sustenance. In other words, Madeira doesn’t dabble in subtlety. Here are seven sensational ways to take it all in.

A hiker stands on a rocky ledge looking out over the rugged mountain scenery of the Pico do Arieiro in Madeira. They wear a waterproof jacket, back pack and shorts in shades of grey.
Hiking at the Pico do Arieiro © dennisvdw / Getty Images

Marvelling at miraculous viewpoints

Madeira's jaw-dropping vantage points, each more dramatic than the last, pack the island's biggest punch. You can slowly mosey onto the glass-bottom lookout at Cabo Girão, which sits atop one of the highest sea cliffs in the world (from below, the menacing 580m-high rock wall rivals 'the wall' from Game of Thrones); or hike the cinematic mountain-strewn landscape at Pico do Arieiro (1818m), Madeira's third-highest peak, showered in yellow gorse and purple massaroco flora in spring. Or there's Baía d'Abra, which frames a showstopping view over Ponta de São Lourenço, a narrow, snaking peninsula at Madeira's most eastern point that juts out to the sea like a outstretched arm reeling in the sunrise. If you arrange a highly-recommended 4WD tour with Adventure Land Madeira, you can knock these and plenty more out in a single day.

A woman wearing a pink vest and shorts stands at the edge of a natural pool made of volcanic rock next to the ocean; beyond is a village and tall cliffs.
Madeira is home to some stunning natural pools © VW Pics / Contributor / Getty Images

Ditching the beach for spectacular seaside pool complexes

Madeira may be an island, but it's certainly no tropical beach destination. Its volcanic geography offers mainly vertigo-inducing sea cliffs and rocky basalt seashores. Fret not, however; the island is chock-full of both natural and man-made pool complexes that hug the sea, none more idyllic than the Complexo Balnear do Lido in the capital Funchal. Dating from the 1930s, these see-and-be-seen public baths were renovated in 2016 and now offer two saltwater swimming pools (with direct sea access, so you can choose to hit the ocean as well) and all the infrastructure needed to while away a day. It just might be Madeira's best €5 spend.

A woman stands by a levada, an open irrigation channel specific to Madeira, looking at a waterfall amid dense greenery and leafy scenery. She wears a colourful backpack, bright blue trousers and a purple gilet over a red long-sleeved top.
Stopping to admire a waterfall on a levada trek © Iñigo Fdz de Pinedo / Getty Images

Trekking the levadas

Madeira is covered in levadas – narrow irrigation canals – which were dug as far back as the 15th century and have been used over the centuries to disperse water. The island counts an astonishing 2100km of these man-made channels, many of which now parallel highly-organised hiking paths. Traversing the island's Unesco-recognised laurisilva forest via these levadas is one of best ways to experience Madeira's wondrous natural setting. The 28 routes are well-marked and signposted, but employing a guide from a local trekking and canyoning expert such as Adventure Kingdom will greatly enhance your walk in the woods.

Two glasses of Madeira wine, two cups of espresso coffee and a traditional Portuguese honey and nut cake bolo de mel sit on a wooden tabletop with a view beyond of the blurred terracotta orange roofs of Funchal.
Traditional cake bolo de mel, plus Madeira wine and coffee in Funchal © Ekaterina Pokrovsky / Shutterstock

Eating your way through Madeira's traditional dishes

Perhaps expectedly given its remote location in the middle of the Atlantic, Madeira's culinary pedigree includes several homegrown dishes uncommon on the mainland. Madeira's most ubiquitous dish is black scabbardfish with banana and passion fruit sauce, but more memorable specialities include bolo do mel (honey cake) from Fábrica Santo António, gaiado (dry pickled skipjack tuna), black scabbardfish sandwiches and Madeira's own beloved passion fruit soda, Brisa. The Wine and Food Walking Tour with Discovering Madeira is a perfect intro, courtesy of vibrant born-and-raised Madeiran, Sofia Maul.

Men in white trousers and boater hats drive passengers in traditional wicker sledges downhill on the streets of Funchal.; it's one of the most fun things to do in Madeira.
A ride on a sledge driven by carreiros is the most fun way to reach Funchal © Nikiforov Alexander / Shutterstock

Arriving in Funchal in style on historic toboggan sledges

A tradition dating back 100 years, Madeirans came up with a unique way to commute down into Funchal from the steep mountainous slopes of Monte village. Men known as carreiros, wearing special tyre-bottomed shoes for braking, transport passengers down the steep streets in special wicker sledges on wooden rails that reach speeds of up to 38kph. These days a cable car has eliminated the need for commuting in this way, so the sledges have become the island's best one-of-a-kind amusement. The 2km ride even zooms past traffic wardens in place to halt vehicles at intersections.

Two carafes with large wooden muddlers inside them on a bartop containing a brown cocktail called poncha, a Madeiran speciality. Passion fruit pips are visible at the bottom of the jugs.
Poncha, Madeira's signature cocktail © Emily McAuliffe / Lonely Planet

Sampling the local hooch

Madeira is the only place in the world that produces fortified Madeira wine and Blandy's wine lodge in Funchal is one of the best places to sample the local tipple. But Madeira's lesser known firewater should be on your to-drink list as well. Poncha, originally invented by the fishermen at Câmara De Lobos, comes in several variations, but count on high levels of sugar cane rum, fresh orange juice, fresh lemon juice and honey, mixed on the spot by gaggles of fishermen, grandmothers, amateur distillers and everyone in between. The honey is churned in to order with a small traditional muddler commonly referred to as a caralhinho ('little cock' in Portuguese!). Downing a couple of glasses of this extremely potent punch at a local poncha tavern, like Mercearia da Poncha in Funchal, is one of Madeira's best and booziest times.

Dining on high at Nini Design Centre

Madeiran interior designer Nini Andrade Silva is a style icon well beyond Madeira's borders, so it's no surprise that her flagship studio and restaurant at Nini Design Centre woos diners both visually and gastronomically. Located in a revamped, elevated port space once part of the Nossa Senhora da Conceição fortress, a meal here offers stupendous ocean and Funchal views only bested by the Miguel Laffan-designed menu. Laffan, one of Portugal's top Michelin-starred chefs, pushes culinary boundaries, marrying Madeiran bounty with mainland European roots (black scabbardfish tortellini with sage and olive butter, for example). A meal and view to remember.

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